12

Is it possible to have a user specific hosts file, or some other way to map a ip address to a name on a Linux system. I want to be able to ssh to my local machine from an on campus lab without having to memorize my IP address.

I have a full unix account that I use from the lab, but not access to /etc/hosts. My home computer has a fairly static IP address, and it changes little enough I could update it by hand on the remote system.

Ideally I would be able to say ssh me@my_machine.

Edit: About OS, the OS of the host may vary, from Redhat to Ubuntu to even sometimes FreeBSD. I have multiple machines I use with the same account (yay giant University networks) and am just looking for a way to streamline connecting to specific machines.

I am also not interested in something like dynamic dns. By fairly static, I mean that last academic year, I saw my IP address change about 4 times over 9 months. myname.dyndns.org isn't a whole lot better than an IP address as far as typing (I am lazy :P). Maybe sometime I will use something like dyndns to watch for IP changes, but for now I not too worried.

1
  • None of the answers here have anything to do with a user-specific host file -____- Jun 5, 2015 at 17:31

4 Answers 4

16

Use a ~/.ssh/config file with something like

Host my-machine

User me

HostName 192.168.63.1

This way, you can even skip the "me@" and do just "ssh my-machine"

2
  • Will this also work with ssh using tools such as scp and rsync? Oct 1, 2009 at 6:43
  • it will_______________
    – Kim
    Oct 1, 2009 at 7:01
5

This is how I handle it...

In .bash_aliases

alias myhomepc='ssh [email protected]'
alias mydevpc='ssh [email protected]'

And then just use it like so:

myworkpc:~ $ myhomepc
Password: 
Last login: Mon Sep 21 15:54:04 2009 from 111.222.333.445
myhomepc:~ $

Using a service like dyndns mentioned above is really handy as well.

2
  • I'd recommend this on top of the dynamic DNS method actually. This way you don't have to worry about your IP changing, plus you have a shorter command to type. alias myhomepc='ssh [email protected]
    – user1931
    Sep 30, 2009 at 21:52
  • .bash_aliases isn't always read by bash. To be sure, you might need to put it in ~/.bashrc Sep 30, 2009 at 22:01
1

What OS are you on specifically? Alternatively, if your router supports DDNS you can register with Dyndns.org and get a free domain name from them. The router will automatically update their record for your domain when the IP changes.

1

Consider DynDNS or No-IP. Even if your IP does change, the updater utility will let the DynDNS/No-IP server know your IP has changed and continue to forward to it accordingly. You can have an address like [email protected] or [email protected].

1
  • Or if you're using a router with third-party firmware, it can automatically update the DynDNS record each time the DHCP lease is renewed. For reference, I am using Tomato firmware on a Linksys WRT54G to do this.
    – EmmEff
    Sep 30, 2009 at 22:46

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