I am wondering whether there is a way to recognize (and possibly move/delete) B&W photos in folder containing both B&W and colored images? I am using Ubuntu Linux.
If you install ImageMagick, you can use the following command to test if something is greyscale:
$ convert bw.jpg -format "%[colorspace]" info: Gray
sudo apt-get install imagemagick
So to go through them all and move:
for i in /images/folder ; do if [ "$(convert $i -format "%[colorspace]" info:)" == "Gray" ]; then mv "$i" /images/folder/bw fi done
However, this method only tests for the colorspace that an image is using. An image might be using a full RGB colorspace, while only actually using greyscale tones (ideally these would be converted to greyscale to be optimal).
In order to work out is just using grey tones, one option is to convert the image to HSL colour, then calculate the average saturation of an image. For a true greyscale image, the average saturation will be zero. With greyscale images in jpg, you are going to get a bit of deviation from perfect greyscale due to artefacts, and generally they aren't perfect depending on how they ended up black and white.
This image for example:
If we convert this to HSL and get the average saturation:
$ convert black-and-white-comics.jpg -colorspace HSL -channel g \ > -separate +channel -format "%[fx:mean]" info: 0.00781798
The figure output ranges from 0-1, so you would have to define a threshold under which you consider something to be greyscale depending on your source files.
Using an Image Magick 7.0.8 installation under Windows 10, I had good success using the HSL conversion in the following batch script. It caught most of the B/W pictures, except those that are in sepia colors of course:
@echo off setlocal ENABLEDELAYEDEXPANSION if not exist bw md bw for %%f in (*.jpg) do ( for /f %%i in ('magick "%%f" -colorspace HSL -channel g -separate +channel -format "%%[fx:mean]" info:') do set VAR=%%i if !VAR! LEQ 0.05 move "%%f" .\bw)
In case you want to delete instead of moving the B/W pictures, just remove line 3 and replace the
move "%%f" .\bw command in the last line with a
del /Q "%%f"