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I have a large number of .jpg file that have extraneous data ahead of a file id that i need to have removed to better set up my file structure for a later project. How can I do a batch rename in either command line or Bash (bash is preferable)

Example: A_file_name_f3xe3_1_60113520.jpg - (60113520 being the ID) To Become: 60113520.jpg

All files have underscores before the ID, but there are randomly placed extra underscores elsewhere in the name.

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There's a command especially suited for this :

rename -n 's/.*?(\d+.jpg$)/$1/' *.jpg

It's prename on debian and derivated, and it's a perl executable.

Remove -n switch if your test fit your needs.

To make it the default one (still debian and derivated :

 update-alternatives --set rename /usr/bin/prename
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    Nema wrote that there are randomly placed extra underscores elsewhere in the name, indicating no consistent file name prefix before the ID. – Daniel Beck Dec 20 '12 at 21:16
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Use the following:

for FILE in *.jpg ; do mv -v "$FILE" "${FILE//*_/}" ; done

This removes everything in JPG file names up to and including the last underscore in the file name. It is described here in section Substring Replacement:

${string//substring/replacement}

Replace all matches of $substring with $replacement.

In your case, replacement is empty.

  • this works perfect in my case, but how to make it recursevly? – Kreker Apr 8 '14 at 8:41

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