11

I am trying to get only the names from the search result using find, but it always includes the directories too. How can I print only the names (or assign to a variable) using find

find trunk/messages/ -name "*.po" -printf '%f\n'

a similar command to assign this to a variable e.g. "resource" to use it later on.

EDIT: And if possible only the name excluding the extension.

18

Use find trunk/messages/ -name "*.po" -exec basename {} .po \;

Example and explanations:

Create some test files:

$ touch test1.po  
$ touch test2.po  
$ find . -name "*.po" -print
./test1.po  
./test2.po

Ok, files get found, including path.

For each result execute basename, and strip the .po part of the name

$ find . -name "*.po" -exec basename \{} .po \;  
test1  
test2
  • Great thanks :). Can I strip only the PO extension from dirs? I mean: dir1/po1.po and dir2/po2.po can they be got like dir1/po1 and dir2/po2? – wakeup Mar 2 '13 at 14:47
  • @user1754665 find . -name '*.po' -exec bash -c 'echo ${0%.po}' {} \; – slhck Mar 2 '13 at 14:50
  • @slhck thanks. lastly I need to get the filename without extension and the last folder where it is in: e.g: dir1/subdir1/subsubdir1/po1.po and dir2/subdir2/subsubdir2/po2.po should be set to a variable like: subsubdir1/po1 subsubdir2/po2, respectively. – wakeup Mar 2 '13 at 14:58
  • @user1754665 Hmm, maybe find . -name '*.po' -type f -exec sh -c 'echo $(basename $(dirname $0))/$(basename $0)' {} \; – slhck Mar 2 '13 at 15:29
  • @Hennes What is the purpose of backslash before the opening curly brace in the last find? – Utku Oct 31 '17 at 2:10
3

You can use -execdir parameter which would print the file without path, e.g.:

find . -name "*.po" -execdir echo {} ';'

Files without extensions:

find . -name "*.txt" -execdir basename {} .po ';'

Note: Since it's not POSIX, BSD find will print clean filenames, however using GNU find will print extra ./.

See: Why GNU find -execdir command behave differently than BSD find?

1

Based on a command I found here: http://www.unixcl.com/2009/08/remove-path-from-find-result-in-bash.html

You could do this using sed (which executed faster for me, than the basename approach):

find trunk/messages/ -name "*.po" | sed 's!.*/!!' | sed 's!.po!!'

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