I need to move a folder using unix mv command, but only if the target is in the same drive or the same filesystem. What would be the best approach?

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  • 1
    drive here you mean "device" ? e.g. same harddisk? – Kent Apr 29 '13 at 13:07
  • same device, yes – zapp Apr 29 '13 at 13:09
up vote 9 down vote accepted

Based on How to check if two directories or files belong to same filesystem (https://unix.stackexchange.com/):

In a shell script on Linux it can be done with stat:

stat -c "%d" /path  # returns the decimal device number

So you can:

file1=$(stat -c "%d" /path/file1)
file2=$(stat -c "%d" /path/file2)

and then compare.

You can also write like this:

if [ $(stat -c "%d" /path/file1) -eq $(stat -c "%d" /path/file1) ]
    # mv sentence

Other option. Also taken from the Stackexchange question:

if [[ $(df -P /path/file1 | tail -1) = $(df -P /path/file2 | tail -1) ]]
    # echo "same filesystem"
    # mv sentence
  • Do you think it's compatible across linux distributions? – zapp Apr 29 '13 at 13:07
  • Just for spreading the better practice, use $(...) instead of `...`. The later is deprecated in favor of the former. – Shahbaz Apr 29 '13 at 13:10
  • Thanks @Shahbaz , just edited it with your recommendation! – fedorqui Apr 29 '13 at 13:11
  • @zapp I don't know, should test it. My experience with stat tells me it is sometimes tricky, at least with SunOS. But being Linux I hope it is compatible. With my Ubuntu 12 it is fine. – fedorqui Apr 29 '13 at 13:13
  • this %d outputs different values for different dirs (same partition even) try with your / and /tmp – Kent Apr 29 '13 at 13:18

This is probably not the cleanest solution, but you could use the fact that hard links can't be created between drives.

ln /path1/file /path2/file 2> /dev/null
if [[ $? == 0 ]]
    rm /path1/file

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