This answer on Arqade says that you need to activate the Developer's Console to do what it says. However, I need to do this on an iPad with Chrome installed. Is there a simple way to do this?
I don't believe you can do that in Chrome on an iPad. Since Mobile Chrome is, well, mobile, it is a stripped-down version of Chrome.
That means no Dev tools.
I'm not sure if this will do what you want (you probably want to see some code), but Mobile Safari has some dev-ish tools. The switch to enable them is found under Settings > Safari.
Chrome 32+ for the desktop now has mobile device emulation, which is useful for debugging things via the console, such as touch events that don't necessarily exist on the desktop.