Where do Windows XP/Vista/7/... save the positions of the icons on the desktop? Is there a built-in way to save the positions? Can I lock the position of certain items?
They are located in the registry under
The key that should interest you is the ItemPosXXXxXXX(where XXX is your resolution).
The relevant values are
You can combine them as shown in the table:
Style Mode LogicalViewMode IconSize X-Lg Icons 5 3 0x100 Lg Icons 5 3 0x60 Med Icons 5 3 0x30 Sm Icons 2 3 0x10 List 3 3 0x10 Details 4 1 0x10 Tiles 6 2 0x30
Fortunately found an article that can help you. See:
Windows Shellbag Forensics.
I know I'm late but I found a few
nis a number)... Then which one would contain the actual icon position? May 6, 2017 at 12:17
2Note: this doesn't work for windows 10 Aug 8, 2017 at 19:56
It seems to work for me, on Windows 10. Feb 10, 2018 at 5:42
Windows icons tend to move around, especially when screen resolution changes, yet contains no built-in tools to undo such changes.
As registry information may vary for different versions of Windows, better use a third-party utility rather than attempting to do it yourself.
An excellent utility to keep the icons in their place is the free and very versatile Iconoid.
The icon positions are stored in the registry. Unfortunately I don't have the exact location.
You could use this link to fix the position of the icons: http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/windows-vista/save-and-restore-desktop-icon-layout-in-windows-vista/
It adds two entries to the context menu when you click your desktop:
Save Desktop Icon Layout and
Restore Desktop Icon Layout.
You can save the current position of the icons. If something messes up the order you can restore them to the saved location.
Try export this key:
Then re-arrange your desktop, etc., then re-import.
Well, it doesn't work. Whenever I connect my 2nd monitor (in extended screen mode) that messes up the icon layout of the dektop on my laptop screen. Disconnecting 2nd monitor and then importing stored key doesn't do anything, icons stay scrambled. Sep 10, 2018 at 11:57
The best application out there is 'DesktopOK'. Its free and saves icon positions at specific resolutions so they don't screw up when you RemoteDesktop to your PC. Saves an unlimited amount of states.
I tried every remedy to the icon scrambling problem documented in perhaps a dozen relevant threads. Nothing worked. Then, I tried the export / import trick mentioned in Ben Lavender’s answer. This didn’t work either; not at first. But then a strange notion popped into my head. I added a slight twist gleaned from another conversation. To my delight, the slightly revised procedure worked. Here’s the exact sequence of operations:
- Export the
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags\1\Desktopkey (as specified in Ben Lavender’s answer).
- Arrange the desktop with appropriately-sized icons in their desired locations.
- Right click and select “Refresh” from the local menu.
- Import the saved registry key.
Step #3 made all the difference between failure and success.
1Welcome to Super User. Please note that different people see the answers listed in different orders, so, if you’re going to refer to another answer, you should do so by name and link; don’t say things like “prior” or “above”. (Also note that these are answers, not messages.) Finally, answers can be deleted; your answer would have become useless if Ben Lavender’s answer had been deleted. Therefore, even if you are building on somebody else’s answer, you should include all the required details in your answer. Jul 2, 2017 at 19:45
It does not work, see my comment under Ben's answer. Sep 10, 2018 at 11:57
I had similar problems - the import would not change anything. Then tried the below steps and it worked on Win 7:
- Export the registry entry
- Re-arrange one or more icons for testing
- Kill explorer.exe (using Task Manager or any other way)
- Import the previously exported registry entry
- Re-start explorer.exe Voila - the icons are restored as per the imported registry entry.
Key step for the above to work were step#3 & 5.
1Avoid posting answers to old questions that already have well received answers unless you have something substantial and new to add.– TotoSep 5, 2022 at 17:12