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sysadmin@ubuntu /etc $ ls vsftpd*
vsftpd-users.db  vsftpd.conf  vsftpd.conf.backup

vsftpd:
vsftpd.pem

what is this vsftpd: vsftpd.pem part, and what does it mean? I never seen such before. does it mean that a file named vsftpd.pem exists in /etc ?

  • Which version of Ubuntu are you using? I am curious because I would like to know which version reacts like this from the ls command. – David Sep 18 '13 at 2:12
  • @David 12.04 lts server – thkang Sep 18 '13 at 2:46
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You have three files in /etc and one file in /etc/vsftpd/ that match the glob vsftpd*.

  • how can I make ls to output as vsftpd/vsftpd.pem ? – thkang Sep 18 '13 at 2:47
  • @thkang find . -type f -name 'vsftpd*' – slhck Sep 18 '13 at 5:49

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