I've downloaded a debian vm image for some testing: http://exploit-exercises.com/download (280mb)

It's a Debian Squeeze machine. I want to use the Belgian layout (which is AZERTY) in stead of the default QWERTY. There is no X server installed.

What I've tried (everything as root)

  • setxkbmap be -> 'command not found'

  • dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration -> runs fine, but keyboard stays in QWERTY after selecting Belgium keyboard

  • dpkg-reconfigure console-data -> "'console-data' is not installed and no info is available"

  • apt-get install console-data -> package 'console-data' has no installation candidate. I also ran apt-get update and my apt list contains the debian urls.

  • edit /etc/default/keyboard manually. I then read I should restart /etc/init.d/hal, but that service doesn't exist

  • some other things I can't remember

  • locale-gen fr_FR -> It says "Generating locales", but only shows en_US.UTF-8. No fr_FR to be found.

  • dpkg-reconfigure locales The first list has all the locales where I select fr_Fr. The second screen (default locale) only gives en_US as option.

What else can I try?

  • 2
    wait, there's no X installed? is it just a linux console without a desktop manager? – Savvas Radevic Oct 13 '13 at 12:37
  • That's right, no desktop manager – Dauntless Oct 13 '13 at 13:13

I got it working by doing this:

apt-get update
apt-get install console-data

console-data appears to run automatically, so select "choose from full list" -> AZERTY


For a linux console use this command:

loadkeys fr

and it will set the AZERTY keyboard

  • loadkeys fr -> "cannot open file fr" (the same for 'be') – Dauntless Oct 13 '13 at 13:12
  • Try adding locale first: askubuntu.com/questions/89976/… – Savvas Radevic Oct 13 '13 at 14:39
  • I've added two things I tried. (I can't reboot because it's a live CD). Still QWERTY... – Dauntless Oct 13 '13 at 15:14
  • 'sudo loadkeys fr' for me in raspberry pi raspbian stretch – doom Nov 2 '17 at 23:16
  • loadkeys fr -> "cannot open file fr" (the same for 'be'): I installed console-data first, as suggested by @Dauntless – alleen1 Dec 8 '20 at 16:23

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