17

I have a Raspberry Pi with Debian Wheezy (Raspbian) and so far I've managed to learn quite a lot about Linux just playing around, but I have a few questions for all you seasoned Linux pros out there.

1) From command line, if I execute startx, X11 will launch followed by LXDE. If I had a monitor connected, I'm imagining I would see a transition from command line to the desktop environment. Can I launch X11 first with x, then start LXDE on top of X11 afterwards with /etc/init.d/lxdm start (is this correct?) and get to the same result as startx?

2) Instead, let's say I executed /etc/init.d/lxdm start alone, would X11 start automatically (since LXDE relies on X11)?

3) From desktop, if I CTRL+ALT+F1 to get back to command line, then I should be able to shutdown LXDE using /etc/init.d/lxdm stop. Does X11 automatically close with the termination of LXDE?

4) What is the proper/safe way to shutdown X11?

Thanks

20
+50

1) If you launch X by itself, you'll likely find yourself sitting there with a blank grey screen with an X for the mouse cursor. The X window system provides the ability to put graphics onto the screen, but you need other components to actually put the things onto the screen. Starting LXDM starts X as it is a dependency for LXDM to actually run, so there is no real reason to start X first and then use /etc/init.d/lxdm start.

2) Yes it would. You're starting the Desktop Manager which then starts the desktop environment to provide you with a GUI.

3) Yes it does. The Desktop Manager (LXDM) is what provides X in the form of the LXDE (Desktop Environment)

4) I use /etc/init.d/lxdm stop. Generally using the init.d scripts are the safest way to stop services to ensure that no stale files are left behind. With X though, I don't think there is any harm is just doing a killall -9 lxdm

| improve this answer | |
  • 1
    Just installed lxde on Debian 9.5 - but I have no /etc/init.d/lxdm on my system... – TheStoryCoder Oct 19 '18 at 18:54
  • Did you install LXDM too? I believe the default DM on Debian is LightDM – Lawrence Oct 22 '18 at 1:39
  • Oh... no I didn't install LXDM. Wouldn't I have gotten that when I installed LXDE? And do I really need to install something separately just to stop LXDE?? – TheStoryCoder Oct 22 '18 at 1:55
  • LXDE doesn't always install LXDM. If you have lightdm installed, you just run /etc/init.d/lightdm stop instead of lxdm – Lawrence Oct 22 '18 at 2:04
  • I don't have lxdm installed. But do I really need that to LXDE?! I don't quite understand LXDE vs LXDM... – TheStoryCoder Oct 22 '18 at 15:21

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.