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I have 3G mobile data plan on my smartphone. I also have a WiFi router in my home. I want to know which of these 2 can provide internet to my smartphone in the most battery efficient manner? Consider same amount of data transfer with same speed for comparison.

closed as off-topic by Keltari, Ƭᴇcʜιᴇ007, Dave, Tog, Moses Apr 1 '14 at 0:17

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

  • "This question is not about computer hardware or software, within the scope defined in the help center." – Keltari, Ƭᴇcʜιᴇ007, Dave, Tog, Moses
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    This is basically unanswerable, as it depends on the device and the various components used within the device. Why not perform your own benchmarks for your device(s)? Beside, questions about phones are off-topic for SU when not about connecting it to a PC. – Ƭᴇcʜιᴇ007 Mar 28 '14 at 13:49
  • I work for an LTE R&D company (although I'm a developer I had a brief overview) - the phones are always working very hard, and one of the many factors is speed! The quicker the data can come through, the faster the machine works and this is a big factor. Another factor is CQI (the quality of the channel) as if it's bad reception, it's going to have to keep receiving the data and disregarding corrupted data etc resulting in more work – Dave Mar 28 '14 at 14:07
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Short answer: WiFi requires less energy than 3G.

Both WiFi and 3G waste energy right after completing a transfer. As the phone uses much more power than normally when transfering data, there is a short time after each transfer where the phone is still using a lot of power, even though there is no longer a need. This is unavoidable, but WiFi is significantly more efficient than 3G, so if you spend the same amount of time connected, using the network in the same way, your battery will drain faster with 3G.

Note that if you are using the phone where the 3G coverage is limited, your device will waste more energy constantly trying to connect. Same goes for WiFi.

Also, there is something I read about, that by keeping WiFi on all the time, you are actually keeping 3G off, so it increases battery life. From AndroidCentral:

This tip is one that seems counter-intuitive, but you can save a lot of wear and tear on your Android phone's battery if you tell it to keep the Wifi radio turned on and connected while the phone is sleeping. Your phone needs a lot of juice to keep pinging those cell towers, and even more to transmit data to and from them. Wifi radios use much less power because of their design, and they don't have to keep searching for a better access point. It's the way cellular data communication was designed, and it's a necessary evil.

But what if you're spending all day (or all evening) in one place, connected to Wifi? If you tell your phone to shut off Wifi when idle, it bounces back to cellular data (be it 2G, 3G, or 4G) and starts sucking down the electrons again when the screen shuts off. That's no good, and easy to fix:

Open the advanced Wifi settings by pressing the menu button, then Settings, Wireless & networks, Wi-Fi settings, and tapping the menu button again. You'll have a choice to either Scan, or go Advanced -- go Advanced. Tap the Wi-Fi sleep policy entry, and you'll get a pop up dialog with the choices you see in the picture above. Choose Never.

Now even when your phone goes into standby mode, you'll stay connected to Wifi and be able to get mail and messages without turning the cell radio back on and trouncing your battery life. And for the times when you're not in an area with a Wifi connection, just shut Wifi off, either through the menu or with a handy toggle widget. Your battery will thank you for it.

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