It sucks to open Terminal each time and write a complete SSH command. How can I create an SSH connection Terminal shortcut on Mac OS X 10.6.8 (Snow Leopard)?
I also have a custom port to connect to.
Super User is a question and answer site for computer enthusiasts and power users. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
The most *NIX-y answer is to use SSH's features to your advantage.
Create a file named
~/.ssh/ (a folder named
.ssh in your home folder). Add an entry for each computer you want to connect to, like this:
Host compy HostName 98.256.211.12 Port 90 User sidney IdentityFile ~/.ssh/my_rsa_key
HostNamecan be either an IP address or an actual hostname.
Portis not mandatory if using default SSH port
IdentityFileis not mandatory if not using a key.
If you use key-based authentication and store your key's password in the Keychain, you won't even need to enter a password.
In addition, you can create a .command file (a plain text file with the extension .command) containing the command line you use to connect to the server (
ssh compy or
ssh -i ~/.ssh/my_rsa_key -p 90 firstname.lastname@example.org). It will open in Terminal and run that command.
You can also use the
New Remote Connection… menu item in Terminal to connect. Just add your host under SSH by clicking the + button in the right column.
Read more HERE
You have a couple of options that I can think of:
In your favorite text editor create to save a plain text file with your ssh command, eg.
ssh -p 23 email@example.com
Name the file
WHATEVERYOUWANT.command. You then need to set the
.command file with execute privileges (
chmod 755 /PATH/TO/WHATEVERYOUWANT.command) but you now have a file that when double-clicked will open up Terminal and run that command.
Assuming you're using bash (the default shell in Mac OS X) you can add aliases to your
.bashrc in your home folder.
alias sshserver='ssh -p 23 firstname.lastname@example.org'
You can find more about aliases at [Wikipedia](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alias_(command) or by reading the documentation.
There are many ways to do this. Here is what I do:
Open Terminal Preferences
Duplicate your profile on the Settings tab with the gear icon. This changes your default setting file, so change your old default back to what it was before the duplication.
In your new custom settings click on Shell type in your ssh command in the Run Command at Startup section.
Rename your new setting from Custom to whatever you want.
You can now start your session from the New Window or New Tab menu items, and of course a keyboard shortcut can be assigned in Keyboard & Mouse in System Preferences.
To quickly open an ssh connection from nearly anywhere on your Mac, do the following:
~/connectionsthat holds all of my
*.inetlocfiles. You can rename this file to whatever you like, and even change its icon.
*.inetlocfile to the Dock, the Finder's Sidebar or Tool bar, or to anywhere else. (It can even be selected with Spotlight)
For those who use a private key with their ssh and want to use the ~/.ssh/config method you can add an 'IdentityFile' attribute to your host followed with the key path. I.e:
Host SomeServer User ubuntu HostName someserver.com IdentityFile ~/.ssh/private.key
I would've added this bit as a comment to one of the answers, but my reputation is still low and I'm not allowed to do so.
If you want a file you can open to launch a session, you can make an .inetloc easily. In TextEdit type an SSH URL to your host, e.g.:
TextEdit will recognize that as a URL. Drag the URL to your desktop and it will create an .inetloc as so:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd"> <plist version="1.0"> <dict> <key>URL</key> <string>ssh://username@hostname/path</string> </dict> </plist>
You can then place that file anywhere, like your Dock, or open it with a launcher such as Quicksilver.
I would have recommended the SSH Plugin for Quicksilver, but the latest I can find, v.84, crashes QS newer than β54 (3815).
If you are using Quicksilver, there is a great add-on called RemoteHosts which will automatically scan a ~/.hosts file or even your ~/.ssh/known_hosts file to autopopulate.
Connecting to a new host is as quick as opening Quicksilver (CMD-Space) and then typing in enough characters of the host to be unique, and finally pressing enter.
If the part that sucks for you is typing in a long and complex ssh command, but you don't mind opening Terminal, and for some reason you don't want to use any of the previous answers' approaches, then you can also use aliases or functions. Add something like this to shell dotfile (.profile or .bash_profile or .bashrc or .cshrc or .zshrc or whatever):
alias connect.dev='ssh -p 12345 email@example.com'
The only advantage I can see over other approaches is that (in zsh at least, and I think bash) you can use command completion to see all your servers to connect to. For instance, let's say you have 25 different servers you connect to, and you don't want to remember all the names/aliases you gave them in the .ssh/config file. If all of the aliases start with the same thing, like 'connect.', then you just type connect.[TAB] at the command prompt, and you'll see all the possible completions. (Disclaimer: you might need to do some shell customization to get that working, but I believe it will work by default in zsh and probably in bash as well.)
If the part that sucks for you is opening Terminal, then you could try using something like DuckBill, although the only reasons I can think of to run ssh OUTSIDE of Terminal might possibly be for running X Windows server programs or an ssh tunnel.
You can create a file in your local bin directory
With the following contents:
#!/bin/bash ssh -p 12345 firstname.lastname@example.org
Make it executable
chmod a+x /usr/local/bin/dev
Which then you can call from the terminal using
And you then create an automator task to open it
tell application "Finder" to set theSel to selection tell application "Terminal" set theFol to POSIX path of ((item 1 of theSel) as text) if (count of windows) is not 0 then do script "/usr/local/bin/dev2" in window 1 else do script "/usr/local/bin/dev2" end if activate end tell
You can also create a shortcut from launcher or hotkey on your keyboard
Launcher: Drag icon from automator save into the dockbar
create as service in automator open system services -> keyboard -> shortcuts -> app shortcuts -> enter title of automator and key shortcut