I am new to Linux and this may sound very dumb but I need to make a desktop icon on centos 7 but I don't know how to do it. I tried googling but I can't even find Launcher. Need help
Use of GNOME3 is assumed.
Using a preexisting shortcut
Reference: How to add desktop shortcut icons in RHEL7 ? (2015) (registration required)
Homedirectory on desktop. The nautilus (file browser) window will open.
Computertab in the left navigation panel, go to
/usr/share/applications. All the applications icons will appear in the right browser window.
Right click desired icon (Firefox, Contacts etc)
After right clicking the icon, select
Copy Toin the context menu. A Select Destination will open up, pick Desktop folder in the left navigation panel (via left-click)
Selectbutton on the bottom right of the window.
Using a symlink
This is an alternate technique that works as long as you know the path to the executable.
Simply create a symlink on the desktop pointing to the executable. For example:
$ ln -sv /full/path/to/executable ~/Desktop/ ‘/home/someuser/Desktop/executable’ -> ‘/full/path/to/executable’ $ ll ~/Desktop/ total 0 lrwxrwxrwx. 1 someuser someuser 57 Oct 1 19:31 executable -> /full/path/to/executable
The above step can actually also be done graphically using the
Files application. To do it this way, browse to the executable, right-click, and select
Make Link. Drag and drop the newly created link to the Desktop.
Next, graphically customize the shortcut's icon. It is not clear where this customization is stored since the shortcut is still just a symlink.
Try this for creating short-cut/launcher on GNOME 3 Desktop
Note: I'm using CentOS 7 running Gnome 3 Desktop.
- Open a terminal
- Goto Desktop directory (/home/$yourname/Desktop/)
- Create a desktop file (touch appName.desktop)
- Open the file and add the following content to the file (vi appName.desktop)
- Change file permission to 755 (chmod 755 appName.desktop)
Terminal= This is value is either true or false (depending on your application requirement). If it's a terminal dependency application, then true else false.
Exec=path to your application executable
Icon=path to your app icon file (.png or .svg)
Name[en_US]=The name that will display on your desktop under the icon
In this document Click means click twice
Click on Home directory on desktop. The file browser window will open.
Click the Computer tab in the left navigation panel, go to /usr/share/applications. All the applications icons will appear in the right browser window.
Right click desired icon (Firefox, Contacts, Terminal etc)
After right clicking the icon, select Copy To in the menu.
Select Copy Destination will open up, pick Home folder in the left navigation panel (via left-click)
Pick Desktop from the right hand panel - double click
Left-click the Select button on the top right of the window.
Shortcuts to panel do not work in CentOS 7.
As a work round I have been able to get something working but not ideal. Gnome 3 seems to be a backward step from user customability point of view.
gnome-shell-frippery which modies ~/.local and
you can configure using
Utilities -> Tweak Took from "Applications Menu".
Also you can copy
/usr/share/applications .desktop file and copy to
~/Desktop for shortcut
~/.local/share/applications to make it appear in "Applications Menu" for that user only
/usr/share/applications for system wide in "Applications Menu"
~/.local/share/applications for local to that user only.
You can also modify *.desktop files in
/usr/share/applications and put in users
~/.Desktop folder as a desktop shortcut.