Based on the model number of HTS543232L9A300 on that label the drive is a Hitachi Travelstar 320GB 5400 RPM SATA 2.5" laptop hard drive.
But that is definitely not a standard SATA connector; I bet that thing connected to it is some kind of laptop connector interposer/bridge. I would see if you can pull that off because I am pretty confident that beneath it there is a standard SATA connector.
Just look at these images I snagged off of a similar model on eBay; clearly comes with standard SATA.
EDIT: Since the original poster says the connector is part of the main logic board on the drive, another idea would be to simply purchase another logic board for the same exact model but make sure it has SATA connectors. Mind you this should be considered a last resort effort since sometimes the logic board connected to a drive could be fine tuned specifically for that exact disk stack. But if you feel you have no other choice, get a logic board from a similar drive & then just swap that in to see what happens.