I would like to use xcopy to move, not copy files across a network with the Verify flag. I could not find a switch on xcopy to move files, is there an xmove I can use that has verify?

At the moment I am using xcopy /D /V but need to get rid of the files at the source only when it is verified a file was successfully copied to the destination.

  • 1
    You should be aware that even using /v does not guarantee that a file has been correctly written: disc and OS caches mean that a file in a write cache will be retrieved from there before it has been committed successfully. The only safe option is to make a copy and schedule a verify and delete at a future time. Heuristically I would say that 5 minutes would be enough, but there is no hard and fast rule: it depends on the disc activity and the size of the caches (I speak as one who has encountered cached write failures). – AFH Oct 21 '14 at 19:34

You should check out robocopy, it is much more powerful than xcopy. You can easily move files with /MOV or /MOVE.

To move files only (delete from source after copying)

robocopy from_folder to_folder files_to_copy /MOV

To move files and directories (delete from source after copying)

robocopy from_folder to_folder files_to_copy /MOVE


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    Robocopy does not have a verify as far as I can see. – JBurace Oct 21 '14 at 18:04
  • @JBurace If you look at the link I posted it states: /MOVE : Move files and dirs (delete from source after copying). If it doesn't copy, it won't remove the source. – imtheman Oct 21 '14 at 18:05
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    What happens if it gets moved, but the filesize doesn't match? This is why I need to do a verify. I don't see anything in the robocopy info that it actually verifies the two filesizes to ensure it wasn't just moved but moved correctly. – JBurace Oct 21 '14 at 18:11
  • @JBurace I don't think it works like that. If it doesn't copy all of the file, then it will act as if nothing copied at all, and therefore will not remove the source. – imtheman Oct 21 '14 at 18:17

You could use a batch file to run your Xcopy command with the verify, followed by a check of the error level returned by Xcopy to determine if the files copied successfully or not. If they did, delete the source.

From the Xcopy documentation:

code  Description
====  ===========
  0   Files were copied without error.
  1   No files were found to copy.
  2   The user pressed CTRL+C to terminate xcopy.
  4   Initialization error occurred. There is not
      enough memory or disk space, or you entered
      an invalid drive name or invalid syntax on
      the command line.
  5   Disk write error occurred.

Example batch:

Rem Attempt file copy...
xcopy /D /V %1 %2

Rem Check result code and if it was successful (0), delete the source.
if errorlevel 0 (
    echo Copy completed successfully
    del /Q %1
    exit /B

Rem Not Errorlevel 0...
echo Copy failed for some reason.
  • Does errorlevel still work if I'm doing: dir args && xcopy args >> logfile.txt? Or will errorlevel be a result of dir? – JBurace Oct 21 '14 at 20:13
  • It will contain the result of the last command run. You can test it with a simple batch file as such: pastebin.com/6GwNA7MP – Ƭᴇcʜιᴇ007 Oct 21 '14 at 20:27
  • if errorlevel 0 ALWAYS triggers. Because it is really checking for if errorlevel >= 0 so you should instead check the error case if errorlevel 1 ( ... failure case ... ) else ( ... success case ... ). Or, if you prefer the style if not errorlevel 0 (... success case ... ) Or, if you prefer the style if %ERRORLEVEL% EQU 0 ( ... success case ... ) – Jesse Chisholm Mar 8 '18 at 21:45
  • Of course this would be far less efficient (move is super cheap in the same hard drive)... – Ohad Schneider Mar 19 '19 at 16:27

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