If you can’t use UNETbootin because your system is out of date, instead of using UNETbootin—or similar packaged “Make a bootable USB” tools—you can create a bootable USB flash drive right from the command line in Terminal as explained here. I am reworking those instructions because there are a few unclear/out-of-date things that should be ironed out. And why not clear that up here?
First, download the appropriate Free BSD ISO from here. For this example I am downloading the
FreeBSD-10.1-RC3-powerpc-memstick.img version of the image (which is the version tailored for USB flash drives) and saving it to the
First, let’s open up the Terminal and go to the desktop like this:
Now, with the USB flash drive plugged into the computer run this command to get the filesystem name of the USB device:
For this example, let’s assume the device is named
disk1s1. Now we’re going to unmount the USB flash drive from the command line like this:
sudo diskutil umount /dev/disk1s1
disk1s1 unmounted, run the
dd command to copy the contents of
FreeBSD-10.1-RC3-powerpc-memstick.img to the USB flash drive on
sudo dd if="FreeBSD-10.1-RC3-powerpc-memstick.img" of="/dev/disk1s1" bs="10240"
Now wait for it to finish copying. And when that is done, you will have a bootable USB flash drive with
FreeBSD-10.1-RC3-powerpc-memstick.img on it.
And with that said, I realized that your PowerBook does not formally allow USB booting. So that alone won’t work, but advice in this answer as well as on this page will help. And it boils down to following these two steps after creating the bootable USB flash drive:
- Boot in the PowerBook OpenFirmware (the bootstrap that loads before Mac OS X) by pressing the Apple+Alt+O+F keys at the same time right after you switch on the machine (before the chime sound).
- Once in OpenFirmware enter this command:
boot usb1/disk@1:,\\yaboot. If that somehow doesn’t work, you might be designating the incorrect
usb[x]/ path so try this one with
boot usb0/disk@1:,\\yaboot. The machine should reboot and you should be now booting off of the USB.
And if none of that seems to work, the later page referenced above seems to be a more succinct answer starting from item 4 in the list of instructions. Reproducing them here for clarity, formatting and reference:
- Then you boot in the PowerBook OpenFirmware (the bootstrap that loads before Mac OS X) by pressing the Apple+Alt+O+F keys at the same time right after you switch on the machine (before the chime sound)
dev / ls and try to find something like
/disk@1 next to an entry named USB (in my case
DEVALIAS in the command prompt and locate the short name of the USB entry you just found using
dev / ls (in my case
- Make sure your USB key holds a file called
BootX with the
tbxi attribute by listing the directory. In the following command,
disk@1 should be replaced by what you found in Step 5, also every character is important (this includes colon, forward slash, etc.). Type:
dir shortname_found_in_step_6/disk@1:partition_number_found_in_step_3,\System\Library\CoreServices (in my case
BootX is found with an attribute called
tbxi then you’re all set and you can instruct OpenFirmware to boot from the USB drive:
- Hit enter and you should be booting from the USB drive. You can then install the operating system as you would with a DVD.