49

Is there a way to make ssh output what MACs, Ciphers, and KexAlgorithms that it supports?

I'd like to find out dynamically instead of having to look at the source.

  • 7
    You can also remotely probe a ssh server for its supported ciphers with recent nmap versions: nmap --script ssh2-enum-algos -sV -p <port> <host> – eckes Apr 7 '16 at 15:18
56

Relevant OpenSSH man page: https://man.openbsd.org/ssh#Q

  • I knew it seemed crazy that I couldn't find it. – Colin Dean Jan 24 '15 at 23:25
  • 8
    It seems it's available from version >= 6.x (or certainly not available in 5.9). – pevik Mar 27 '15 at 14:22
  • 8
    On old OpenSSH versions, the very ugly way is: strings /usr/sbin/sshd |grep mac – Gert van den Berg Jan 6 '16 at 7:57
  • 4
    Specifically, -Q was introduced in version 6.3. – jjlin Jan 7 '16 at 18:10
19

You can also remotely probe a ssh server for its supported ciphers with recent nmap versions:

nmap --script ssh2-enum-algos -sV -p <port> <host>

And there is an online service called sshcheck.com as well (and a pretty large number of similar scanner projects as I just found out).

1

Just a quick tip that if you want to compare 2 servers you can use @eckes method like this:

$ sdiff -bW <(nmap --script ssh2-enum-algos -sV -p 22 192.168.1.107) <(nmap --script ssh2-enum-algos -sV -p 22 192.168.1.10)

Starting Nmap 6.47 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2018-01-22 22:35 ES   Starting Nmap 6.47 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2018-01-22 22:35 ES
Nmap scan report for skinner.bubba.net (192.168.1.107)        | Nmap scan report for mulder.bubba.net (192.168.1.10)
Host is up (0.0037s latency).                                 | Host is up (0.0031s latency).
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION                                    PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 4.3 (protocol 2.0)               | 22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 5.3 (protocol 2.0)
| ssh2-enum-algos:                                              | ssh2-enum-algos:
|   kex_algorithms: (3)                                       | |   kex_algorithms: (4)
                                                              > |       diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256
|       diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1                      |       diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1
|       diffie-hellman-group14-sha1                             |       diffie-hellman-group14-sha1
|       diffie-hellman-group1-sha1                              |       diffie-hellman-group1-sha1
|   server_host_key_algorithms: (2)                             |   server_host_key_algorithms: (2)
|       ssh-rsa                                                 |       ssh-rsa
|       ssh-dss                                                 |       ssh-dss
|   encryption_algorithms: (13)                                 |   encryption_algorithms: (13)
|       aes128-ctr                                              |       aes128-ctr
|       aes192-ctr                                              |       aes192-ctr
|       aes256-ctr                                              |       aes256-ctr
|       arcfour256                                              |       arcfour256
|       arcfour128                                              |       arcfour128
|       aes128-cbc                                              |       aes128-cbc
|       3des-cbc                                                |       3des-cbc
|       blowfish-cbc                                            |       blowfish-cbc
|       cast128-cbc                                             |       cast128-cbc
|       aes192-cbc                                              |       aes192-cbc
|       aes256-cbc                                              |       aes256-cbc
|       arcfour                                                 |       arcfour
|       rijndael-cbc@lysator.liu.se                             |       rijndael-cbc@lysator.liu.se
|   mac_algorithms: (6)                                       | |   mac_algorithms: (9)
|       hmac-md5                                                |       hmac-md5
|       hmac-sha1                                               |       hmac-sha1
                                                              > |       umac-64@openssh.com
                                                              > |       hmac-sha2-256
                                                              > |       hmac-sha2-512
|       hmac-ripemd160                                          |       hmac-ripemd160
|       hmac-ripemd160@openssh.com                              |       hmac-ripemd160@openssh.com
|       hmac-sha1-96                                            |       hmac-sha1-96
|       hmac-md5-96                                             |       hmac-md5-96
|   compression_algorithms: (2)                                 |   compression_algorithms: (2)
|       none                                                    |       none
|_      zlib@openssh.com                                        |_      zlib@openssh.com

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect resu   Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect resu
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.19 seconds   | Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.22 seconds

In the above I'm showing a side-by-side diff of a CentOS 5.x and 6.x server.

$ ssh root@192.168.1.107 cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS release 5.11 (Final)
$ ssh root@192.168.1.10 cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS release 6.8 (Final)

The output shows you that you have 4 additional lines in the CentOS 6.x server vs. 5.x.

Reading the output

There's 1 additional kex_algorithm:

  • diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256

3 additional mac_algorithms:

  • umac-64@openssh.com
  • hmac-sha2-256
  • hmac-sha2-512
0

Some of the old versions of OpenSSH do not support -Q option, so this works for any ssh and it has benefit of showing both client and server options, no need for any 3-rd party tools like nmap:

ssh -vvv username@servername

Scan output for "local client KEXINIT proposal" and you'll see what ciphers and KEX algos and MACs are supported by client.

"peer server KEXINIT proposal" will show you what server supports.

...
debug2: local client KEXINIT proposal
debug2: KEX algorithms: curve25519-sha256,curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,ecdh-sha2-nistp256,ecdh-sha2-nistp384,ecdh-sha2-nistp521,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group16-sha512,diffie-hellman-group18-sha512,diffie-hellman-group14-sha256,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,ext-info-c
debug2: host key algorithms: ecdsa-sha2-nistp256-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521,ssh-ed25519-cert-v01@openssh.com,rsa-sha2-512-cert-v01@openssh.com,rsa-sha2-256-cert-v01@openssh.com,ssh-rsa-cert-v01@openssh.com,ssh-ed25519,rsa-sha2-512,rsa-sha2-256,ssh-rsa
debug2: ciphers ctos: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com
debug2: ciphers stoc: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com
debug2: MACs ctos: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: MACs stoc: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: compression ctos: none,zlib@openssh.com,zlib
debug2: compression stoc: none,zlib@openssh.com,zlib
...
debug2: peer server KEXINIT proposal
debug2: KEX algorithms: curve25519-sha256,curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,ecdh-sha2-nistp256,ecdh-sha2-nistp384,ecdh-sha2-nistp521,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group16-sha512,diffie-hellman-group18-sha512,diffie-hellman-group14-sha256,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1
debug2: host key algorithms: rsa-sha2-512,rsa-sha2-256,ssh-rsa,ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ssh-ed25519
debug2: ciphers ctos: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com
debug2: ciphers stoc: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com
debug2: MACs ctos: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: MACs stoc: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: compression ctos: none,zlib@openssh.com
debug2: compression stoc: none,zlib@openssh.com
...

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