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I was looking for a solution to a problem and on my travels I cane across something linked to what I was doing which prompted a 2nd question.

I bundled both these questions here. If I should not I will split it into 2 separate question if requested.

I was looking for way to output an image from my ip camera using ffmpeg from a RTSP strteam.

I found it and it was this (I tested in a DOS prompt)

ffmpeg -i rtsp://192.168.0.8/video_1 -f image2 -s 360x240 -vf fps=fps=10/60 img%3d.jpg

I was looking at a way of controlling the quality of the image. I remember when I encoded serveral jpegs to a video file I would use this:

-f image2 -r FPS-i  + MyPath + \img%05d.jpg -crf 23  -y -r 'FPS' + 'oggOut.ogg'

Here the quality is set using -crf 23 where the 23 is setting the quality of the image. I have been told the lower the number the better the quality.

Is there a way of specifing image quality in my 1st command line? I have tried putting the crf everywhere but it tells me flag not recognised.

Whilst looking for a solution I found this page:

some examples out putting jpeg from a stream

The last example on that page stated:

This will create one thumbnail image every I-frame

I had understood that an i-Frame is a change in preceding and current frames? When I tested this it just gave me a stream of images. Have I mis-understood what an I-Frame is?

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    The first line of the FFMPEG page you link to at the bottom of your question would be the one to use. However, because FFMPEG is receiving a live stream from your camera you can't use the time setting in the answer. You will need to repeat the command for each thumbnail you want to generate. – Kinnectus Feb 15 '15 at 12:34
  • @BigChris Hi, I just this now worked that out for myself. I am just trying to work out how to read to the end of stream when the basestream.length property is not available. – Andrew Simpson Feb 15 '15 at 12:36
  • Is the stream of images not what you expected from the "create one thumbnail image every I-frame" example? – llogan Feb 16 '15 at 18:14
  • @LordNeckbeard Hi, I know I got a lot to learn but what is an I-Frame please? – Andrew Simpson Feb 16 '15 at 18:45
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    Intra coded frames/slices (I‑frames/slices or Key frames) provides a good overview. – llogan Feb 17 '15 at 18:36
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For JPG output use -q:v to control quality. Range is 2-31. A lower value is a higher quality, and therefore higher file size.

The -crf option is used by the encoders libx264 (H.264 video) and libvpx (VP8/VP9 video), but the values vary between these encoders. It is not for mjpeg (JPG images/MJPEG video) or libtheora (Theora video).

Also, you may find the scale video filter to be more flexible than -s because you can just declare one dimension and the filter will automatically provide the other while preserving the aspect ratio: -vf fps=1/6,scale=360:-1. Using -s to force a specific size may result in a squished or stretched output.

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