I've been trying to solve the problem of converting an .oxps file to .pdf or other file format. Any solutions for Linux out there?

I've been searching around and cannot come up with much thus far.

Maybe even something to convert to xps first and then pdf?

I've tried ImageMagick's convert and ghostscript, but no luck. Maybe I'm doing something wrong?

Note: I'm using Gentoo and/or Ubuntu.


The solution is covered in the answer from @ThatGuy. However, for some reason, mudraw was not pulled in with mupdf-tools on ubuntu (I am running a headless 12.04.5 LTS ubuntu).

However, the source is available from MuPDF's website. I built the source and was able to solve the problem.

4 Answers 4


Method #1 (recommended)

Software requirements: Ghostscript/GhostXPS (version 9.19 or later).

To convert OXPS to PDF, simply execute the following command:

gxps -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -sOutputFile=/path/to/output.pdf -dNOPAUSE /path/to/input.oxps

This method preserves text layers.

Method #2 (deprecated)

(This works on Windows, Mac, and Linux, but converts text layers to images)

Use mudraw (included with MuPDF; mupdf-tools on Debian-based distributions) to convert the .oxps file to a series of .png files (converting directly to PDF doesn't work properly; fonts get messed up) with a resolution of 300 dpi:

mudraw -o mudraw_output_page_number_%d.png -r 300 input.oxps

Convert the .png files to a multipage PDF using ImageMagick's convert utility:

convert mudraw_output_page_number_*.png final.pdf

Note: If convert messes up the page order you can specify each individual .png file as the input (i.e., without using wildcards):

convert 1.png 2.png 3.png final.pdf

This should work on all platforms where MuPDF and ImageMagick are available (so on Windows, too).

  • Thanks, but no luck. Also, I'm not too familiar with Ubuntu, mainly Gentoo, mudraw was not pulled in when installing on Ubuntu...but was when I built it on Gentoo. However, no luck.
    – Mikolaj
    Mar 6, 2015 at 19:16
  • 1
    MuPDF is split into several packages on Debian-based distributions. mudraw is included in the mupdf-tools package. Could you elaborate on why it doesn't work?
    – ThatGuy
    Mar 7, 2015 at 1:09
  • 1
    I am getting these messages: error: cannot recognize version maker, warning: trying to repair broken xref, warning: lexical error (unexpected ')') and a bunch more like that.
    – Mikolaj
    Mar 7, 2015 at 1:28
  • 1
    According to mupdf.com/docs/browse/source/pdf/pdf-xref.c, that should be version marker. Anyway, maybe try explicitly specifying the output format, like so: mudraw -o mudraw_output_page_number_%d.png -r 300 -F png input.oxps
    – ThatGuy
    Mar 7, 2015 at 3:15
  • 2
    mudraw was called pdfdraw in earlier versions of MuPDF (including 0.9-2ubuntu1). Is pdfdraw installed on your system? If not, you can install it using sudo apt-get install mupdf-tools. Now, I've never used pdfdraw myself, but you might be able to use pdfdraw instead of mudraw.
    – ThatGuy
    Mar 7, 2015 at 19:21

You can use this online converter - online2pdf.

Or if you have access to a Windows 8 machine, you can convert the file to pdf(or xps) using a pdf printer.

Also, MuPDF on linux can open a .oxps file(only for viewing though).

  • Thanks. But I cannot use the online converter and no access to windows 8. Need something local. But a good answer for others who may come across.
    – Mikolaj
    Mar 4, 2015 at 15:03
  • Accepting this answer as seems the only way at this point in time. Thanks.
    – Mikolaj
    Mar 4, 2015 at 16:43
  • 1
    Unfortunately, the .oxps format is a new format supported only in Windows 8 so only a few programs support it.
    – jL4
    Mar 5, 2015 at 3:01
  • Thanks, I finally gave up on the linux route. Got someone with a windows 8 box to help out.
    – Mikolaj
    Mar 5, 2015 at 3:09

In windos8 XPS printer is already installed. Open oxps file in xps viewer and click to print, choose Microsoft XPS Document writer, option will come to save to file and in the bottom file,s name OpenXPS Document (.oxps) will appear, Do not choose it, go to down options will appear, choose XPS Document (.xps).You will get Xps document to be convertrd in PDF by XPS to PDF converter available free from cnet.com

  • 1
    I believe the poster is looking for a Linux solution. Aug 11, 2015 at 7:07

In 2021, tested on debian 9 and using the mupdf-tools option (in tune with ThatGuy's answer, since the system still won't let me comment on his answer due to my reputation), with mutool version 1.9a the command would remain as follows:

mutool draw -o mudraw_output_page_number_% d.png -r 300 input.oxps

And later, if the imagemagick command would be kept

convert 1.png 2.png 3.png final.pdf

I hope it serves you.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.