I want to run wine headless and avoid the error message:
Make sure that your X server is running and that $DISPLAY is set correctly.
Is there a way or do I have to route/forward it to some output? Can it just run from a command line way?
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I don't know any way to run wine totally headless but I can point you to
xvfb. It can create a virtual display to which X server can redirect its output. No need to have a physical display connected. We use it to run selenium tests in browsers on a headless Jenkins cluster.
Does that meet the requirements or are you bent on running wine absolutely headless?
You can configure your wine to run headless by installing X virtual framebuffer. For instance:
sudo apt-get install Xvfb Xvfb :0 -screen 0 1024x768x16 &
# On 64-bit also run: sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ubuntu-wine sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install wine
Note: For detailed installation example, check
Install fonts if required:
Then run your apps as:
DISPLAY=:0.0 wine my_app.exe
or you can export it (so no need for the above prefix when running):
export DISPLAY=:0.0 # Select screen 0.
DISPLAY is your request to local display/input service (or:
export DISPLAY=[user's machine]:0).
Alternatively set-up X11 Forwarding. Then you don't need to use
X11Forwarding yes in
/etc/ssh/sshd_config on the headless server
ForwardX11 yes in
/etc/sshd/ssh_config on the machine you're
Then you can run GUI applications on your headless server and at the same time wine will be able to connect to your local X11 server, so you could run your console-based DOS executables.