37

I’d like to know if it is possible to identify which process is responsible for creating/managing a window in Mac OS X.

For example, when multiple instances of an application are started, how can I get the process ID (PID) corresponding to one specific window? Or if there is a modal dialog window without a title, how can I get the PID of its owner?

I know in Windows it is possible using the Sysinternals Suite tool that provides a way to search for a library that is running with some data.

I’m looking for a mechanism similar to the one that appears in this blogpost.

In this case, using Sysinternals Suite (and Process Explorer), they found which DLL/program was using the webcam by searching for a DLL or substring (in this case, using the physical name of the device).

So is there any mechanism or program, or do you have any idea about how to search for something similar for Mac OS X? How I can identify which process has launched a window?

  • “…which process is showing which window…” This is confusing when compared to your Windows example of “…which DLL/program was using the webcam by searching for a DLL or substring.” Can you please edit your question to clarify. – Giacomo1968 Apr 17 '15 at 18:20
  • 1
    Some processes are running without any windows, and perhaps even without a controlling terminal. – Basile Starynkevitch Apr 17 '15 at 19:09
27

I've used the Python script. It isn't foolproof, but it works pretty well for me.

I won't repost the full script without permission, but here's a summary: It uses CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo, which is imported from Quartz, to collect window info from the system, then asks the user to move the desired window, then collects window info again, and shows info for the ones that changed. The info dumped includes the process ID, as kCGWindowOwnerPID.

Here is the code:

#!/usr/bin/env python

import time
from Quartz import CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo, kCGWindowListExcludeDesktopElements, kCGNullWindowID
from Foundation import NSSet, NSMutableSet

wl1 = CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo(kCGWindowListExcludeDesktopElements, kCGNullWindowID)
print 'Move target window'
time.sleep(5)
wl2 = CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo(kCGWindowListExcludeDesktopElements, kCGNullWindowID)

w = NSMutableSet.setWithArray_(wl1)
w.minusSet_(NSSet.setWithArray_(wl2))
print '\nList of windows that moved:'
print w
print '\n'

The script prints information for the window that changed position within a 5 second interval. So the output looks like this:

List of windows that moved:
{(
        {
        kCGWindowAlpha = 1;
        kCGWindowBounds =         {
            Height = 217;
            Width = 420;
            X = 828;
            Y = 213;
        };
        kCGWindowIsOnscreen = 1;
        kCGWindowLayer = 8;
        kCGWindowMemoryUsage = 406420;
        kCGWindowName = "";
        kCGWindowNumber = 77;
        kCGWindowOwnerName = UserNotificationCenter;
        kCGWindowOwnerPID = 481;
        kCGWindowSharingState = 1;
        kCGWindowStoreType = 2;
    }
)}
| improve this answer | |
  • Well, it is not exactly what I was looking for, but it is a good starting point. Thank you @echo on! – I.Cougil Jul 13 '15 at 23:30
  • @echo on - I'm not sure how to apply what that site shows, could you elaborate? – C_K Oct 28 '15 at 0:45
  • Looks like the link to the python script is dead. I believe I found the same post on a new blog site here: cadebaba.blogspot.com/2014/04/… – Mark Ebbert Oct 4 '17 at 14:43
  • 1
    This is an amazing script. It helped my find nasty software which I couldn't identify. – Samvel Avanesov Feb 16 '18 at 4:05
  • NICE!! This is indeed the clean, correct way to identify and remove malware which pops up alert windows. Much better than installing and running an antivirus program which, who knows, may itself be malware. – Jerry Krinock Oct 13 '19 at 2:57
20

I made a tool named lswin

$ python lswin.py

    PID WinID  x,y,w,h                  [Title] SubTitle
------- -----  ---------------------    -------------------------------------------
    169  1956 {0,-38,1280,25        }   [Window Server] Backstop Menubar
    169  1955 {0,-60,1280,22        }   [Window Server] Menubar
    169   396 {0,-38,1280,25        }   [Window Server] Backstop Menubar
    169   395 {0,-60,1280,22        }   [Window Server] Menubar
    169     6 {0,0,0,0              }   [Window Server] Cursor
    169     4 {0,22,1280,25         }   [Window Server] Backstop Menubar
    169     3 {0,0,1280,22          }   [Window Server] Menubar
    169     2 {0,0,1280,800         }   [Window Server] Desktop
    262   404 {0,-38,1280,38        }   [Google Chrome] 
    262   393 {0,0,1280,800         }   [Google Chrome] 
    262   380 {100,100,1,1          }   [Google Chrome] Focus Proxy
    ... ...

Then you can use grep to find your window's pid.

Here is the source code of the script:

#!/usr/bin/env python

import Quartz

#wl = Quartz.CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo( Quartz.kCGWindowListOptionOnScreenOnly | Quartz.kCGWindowListExcludeDesktopElements, Quartz.kCGNullWindowID)
wl = Quartz.CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo( Quartz.kCGWindowListOptionAll, Quartz.kCGNullWindowID)

wl = sorted(wl, key=lambda k: k.valueForKey_('kCGWindowOwnerPID'))

#print wl

print 'PID'.rjust(7) + ' ' + 'WinID'.rjust(5) + '  ' + 'x,y,w,h'.ljust(21) + ' ' + '\t[Title] SubTitle'
print '-'.rjust(7,'-') + ' ' + '-'.rjust(5,'-') + '  ' + '-'.ljust(21,'-') + ' ' + '\t-------------------------------------------'

for v in wl:
    print ( \
        str(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowOwnerPID') or '?').rjust(7) + \
        ' ' + str(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowNumber') or '?').rjust(5) + \
        ' {' + ('' if v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds') is None else \
            ( \
                str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('X')))     + ',' + \
                str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('Y')))     + ',' + \
                str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('Width'))) + ',' + \
                str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('Height'))) \
            ) \
            ).ljust(21) + \
        '}' + \
        '\t[' + ((v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowOwnerName') or '') + ']') + \
        ('' if v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowName') is None else (' ' + v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowName') or '')) \
    ).encode('utf8')
| improve this answer | |
  • Works perfectly. Thanks for sharing @osexp2003! – Hay Dec 6 '17 at 9:37
  • This is great. Thanks for sharing! – moof2k May 7 at 16:14
11

@kenorb I combined your 2 versions of the script, basically it works like the first one, showing difference but formatting is from the second. Also if window is not on the screen - it's not being printed, otherwise it gives too much garbage

import Quartz
import time
from Foundation import NSSet, NSMutableSet
def transformWindowData(data):
    list1 = []
    for v in data:
        if not v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowIsOnscreen'):
            continue


        row = ( \
            str(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowOwnerPID') or '?').rjust(7) + \
            ' ' + str(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowNumber') or '?').rjust(5) + \
            ' {' + ('' if v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds') is None else \
                ( \
                    str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('X')))     + ',' + \
                    str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('Y')))     + ',' + \
                    str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('Width'))) + ',' + \
                    str(int(v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowBounds').valueForKey_('Height'))) \
                ) \
                ).ljust(21) + \
            '}' + \
            '\t[' + ((v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowOwnerName') or '') + ']') + \
            ('' if v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowName') is None else (' ' + v.valueForKey_('kCGWindowName') or '')) \
        ).encode('utf8')
        list1.append(row)

    return list1;

def printBeautifully(dataSet):
    print 'PID'.rjust(7) + ' ' + 'WinID'.rjust(5) + '  ' + 'x,y,w,h'.ljust(21) + ' ' + '\t[Title] SubTitle'
    print '-'.rjust(7,'-') + ' ' + '-'.rjust(5,'-') + '  ' + '-'.ljust(21,'-') + ' ' + '\t-------------------------------------------'

    # print textList1
    for v in dataSet:
        print v;

#grab initial set
wl = Quartz.CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo( Quartz.kCGWindowListOptionAll, Quartz.kCGNullWindowID)
wl = sorted(wl, key=lambda k: k.valueForKey_('kCGWindowOwnerPID'))

#convert into readable format
textList1 = transformWindowData(wl);

#print everything we have on the screen
print 'all windows:'
printBeautifully(textList1)

print 'Move target window'
time.sleep(5)

#grab window data the second time
wl2 = Quartz.CGWindowListCopyWindowInfo(Quartz.kCGWindowListOptionAll, Quartz.kCGNullWindowID)
textList2 = transformWindowData(wl2)

#check the difference
w = NSMutableSet.setWithArray_(textList1)
w.minusSet_(NSSet.setWithArray_(textList2))

#print the difference
printBeautifully(w)
| improve this answer | |
  • Fantastic. One step closer to xkill for Mac! – Michael Fox Sep 8 '17 at 22:01
  • 2
    with a little bit of pip install pyobjc-framework-Quartz – CupawnTae Nov 20 '18 at 22:54
  • Note that the script doesn't work 100% with multi-monitor set ups. If you run this in a terminal on one screen and then move the window on another screen, you will see many windows listed in the diff. All of them seem to be system windows and icons in the menu bar, etc. Best to move your terminal and the mystery window to the same screen before running. – DaveBurns Jan 24 '19 at 20:28
1

There's a direct user-friendly OS-native tool for inspecting each window which provide comprehensive information in addition to related process, such as originating code hierarchy : it's found under Xcode Developer Tools, and called Accessibility Inspector

| improve this answer | |
  • Spotlight "Accessibility Inspector" took me right to it. Crosshairs for selecting window of interest. Thank you!! – mike Nov 16 at 20:18
0

You can use the Automator.app for this:

  1. Start Automator (in spotlight type Automator.app + Enter)
  2. Create a new workflow.
  3. On the menu select Workflow > Record (or click the 🔴 [Record] button on the toolbar).
  4. Interact with the window you wish to inspect and then click the ⬛️ [Stop] button in the recording toolbar when done. (❗️ If the system prompts you about missing accessibility access then grant it in System Settings)
  5. Drag the recorded steps of interest from the Watch Me Do section to the empty panel on the right (a plus button will appear during drag). HINT: You can also select all steps and drag them all together in order to create a single script.
  6. Inspect the generated AppleScript to get the details you need.

NOTE: You can use this method to generate AppleScript code for locating windows, dialogs, setting text, clicking buttons, etc.

Here is an example video for recording mouse actions.

| improve this answer | |

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