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I'm trying to merge these two WAVs (L.wav and R.wav) into a single, dual-channel stereo OGG. This is what I'm trying:

ffmpeg -i L.wav -i R.wav -c:a libvorbis -q:a 5 \
-filter_complex "[0:a][1:a]amerge" -f ogg out.ogg

However, ffmpeg says that:

Input channel layouts overlap: output layout will be determined by the number of distinct input channels

And that

4.0 not supported by Vorbis: output stream will have incorrect channel layout.

So I understand I will only get one audio in only one channel of my output file. So the question is, how can I tell ffmpeg to map channel 0 of L.wav and channel 0 of R.wav into channels 0 and 1 of out.ogg (respectively)? something like this:

input #0 [1.0.0.0] → [1.0.0.0] \
                                > output #0 [1.1] 
input #1 [1.0.0.0] → [0.1.0.0] /
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As you've notices the amerge filter combined both stereo inputs into a 4-channel output. The current 4-channel layout:

  • c0 is the left channel from L.wav
  • c1 is the right channel from L.wav
  • c2 is the left channel from R.wav
  • c3 is the right channel from R.wav

You can add the pan filter to mix the desired channels back into a stereo output. As far as I can tell you want c0 to be the left channel of your output, and c2 to be the right channel:

ffmpeg -i L.wav -i R.wav \
-filter_complex "[0:a][1:a]amerge=inputs=2,pan=stereo|c0=c0|c1=c2[a]" \
-map "[a]" -c:a libvorbis -q:a 5 out.ogg
  • I usually explicitly add the input option to amerge. The default is 2, but I do this in case I use more than 2 inputs; otherwise being forgetful and often lazy I may set it correctly.

  • -f ogg is superfluous in this case since it will detect the proper format using the output file name.

  • See FFmpeg Wiki: Audio Channel Manipulation for more examples.

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