Does Windows 10 still wants to logon with a Microsoft account instead of a local account? If yes, is there a way to workaround this?
Yes, Microsoft still wants to push the usage of a Microsoft account in Windows 10.
In the OOBE phase you get the option to sign in with a Microsoft Account.
But you can click on
Skip this step
and in the nest step you can create a local account:
Who is going to use this PC? enter the preferred username, now enter your password twice and a hint to not forget it.
That is all and a 1 step lower compared to Windows 8.1.