I have a folder structure with varying depths similar to the following.


All of the lower most folders are Hotel Names and I'm trying to source these files in a PHP function. That aside, what I'm trying to do is to grab all of the lowest most folders and their contents into a single parent folder as below.


I'm on a Ubuntu machine and I'm new to command line but not totally ignorant to it. Any help would be appreciated.

  • try creating a symbolic link ln -s parent/location/businessname/sublocation/hotelname parent/location/businessnamen/hotelname hotelshortcut – Francisco Tapia Aug 21 '15 at 17:15
  • Cant do that. Long story but symlink isn't possible, i need to ditch all other folders apart from the hotelname folder as the previous folders need to be exact names, but some of them aren't correct. Thanks anyway. – Alex Knopp Aug 21 '15 at 17:19
  • so bassicaly you want stretch the path? – Francisco Tapia Aug 21 '15 at 17:22
  • What about File Explorer? Does it have to be at the command line? Unless you don't have access to X11.. – Leptonator Aug 21 '15 at 17:22
  • Is the final directory always hotelname/? If so, you could use something like find parent/ -type d -name hotelname -exec ln "{}/*" "{TargetDir}/" \;. This would create hard links to each of the files in a single target directory without changing any of the files in the original structure. The target directory can be deleted or rebuilt at any time. – AFH Aug 22 '15 at 13:12

Assuming the leaf-most folders are either in businessname/ or businessname/sublocation, you could start with the nested folders first, then proceed to the hotels at the same level as sublocation/:

$ cd /tmp
$ rm -rf parent
$ mkdir -p parent/location/businessname/sublocation/hotelname1 \

$ for depth in 2 1; do
    find parent/location/businessname -mindepth $depth -type d -print0 \
      | while read -d '' dir; do
          echo "$dir"
          mv "$dir" parent/ \
            && rmdir --ignore-fail-on-non-empty $(dirname "$dir")

$ find parent/

This is a bit hacky in that it tries to remove the sublocation/ directory repeatedly (for every hotel contained therein) until it is empty.

It also does not deal with name collisions -- it will move the first hotel with a given name and leave others in place.

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