Are there some Windows logs containing association of PID to running process
By default there are no such logs. However you can enable Process Tracking Events in the Windows Security Event Log.
How to Use Process Tracking Events in the Windows Security Log
In Windows 2003/XP you get these events by simply enabling the Process Tracking audit policy.
In Windows 7/2008+ you need to enable the Audit Process Creation and, optionally, the Audit Process Termination subcategories which you’ll find under Advanced Audit Policy Configuration in group policy objects.
These events are incredibly valuable because they give a comprehensive audit trail of every time any executable on the system is started as a process. You can even determine how long the process ran by linking the process creation event to the process termination event using the Process ID found in both events. Examples of both events are shown below.
Source How to Use Process Tracking Events in the Windows Security Log
How to enable Audit Process Creation
Select "Windows Settings" > "Security Settings" > "Local Policies" > "Audit Policy"
Right click "Audit process tracking" and select "Properties"
Check "Success" and click "OK"
What is Audit Process Tracking
This security setting determines whether the OS audits process-related
events such as process creation, process termination, handle
duplication, and indirect object access.
If this policy setting is defined, the administrator can specify
whether to audit only successes, only failures, both successes and
failures, or to not audit these events at all (i.e. neither successes
If Success auditing is enabled, an audit entry is generated each time
the OS performs one of these process-related activities.
If Failure auditing is enabled, an audit entry is generated each time
the OS fails to perform one of these activities.
Default: No auditing
Important: For more control over auditing policies, use the settings
in the Advanced Audit Policy Configuration node. For more information
about Advanced Audit Policy Configuration, see