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My digitalocean server is running Ubuntu 14.04, and I'm trying to install Apache.

When I just type in "apache2" to PuTTy, it says:

The program 'apache2' is currently not installed. You can install it by typing: 
sudo apt-get install apache2-bin

Yet on digitalocean's official tutorial, it says to install apache2 by using:

sudo apt-get install apache2

What's the difference? Will it function the same with either command? What will the differences be if not, and why would I choose one over the other?

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Basically, the apache2 package just provides a part of the Apache2 infrastructure, and doesn't contain the binary files. As you run the apache2 command, the shell told you in which package that binary is located (in apache2-bin), but it doesn't mean that that's the only package you have to install.

In my raspberry pi architecture, the apache2 package contains this files:

pi@rpi ~ $ dpkg -L apache2
/.
/usr
/usr/share
/usr/share/bug
/usr/share/bug/apache2
/usr/share/bug/apache2/control
/usr/share/doc
/usr/share/bug/apache2/script
/usr/share/doc/apache2

Please note that this may differ between different distributions. The apache2.2-bin package indeed contains all the binaries used.

You should install apache2 as the tutorial says because it will install the whole infrastructure and will have apache2-bin as a dependency, so it will be installed as well.

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