Sadly, the use of the volatile `INDIRECT`

and `OFFSET`

are almost ubiquitously recommended in such cases on the various Excel sites around, even though there exists a perfectly good, minimally volatile (in fact, volatile "at workbook open" only, as I understand) set-up using `INDEX`

.

To determine the last non-empty row in a column, column A say, it will be useful to know the datatype of the entries within that column, and also whether there are any null strings ("") present.

Although there are set-ups available which will work whatever the datatype of the entries in question, they are necessarily of a type such that they must process each element within the range passed to them. As such - and particularly if the range over which it is necessary to calculate is quite large - they can be extremely resource-heavy (the second suggestion by kyle being a good example, having to process more than a million cells, irrespective of whether the last non-empty cell is in row 1 or row 1048576).

It is also worthwhile storing the value of the last non-empty row as a Defined Name, *LRow* say.

The possible definitions for *LRow* are then as follows:

1) If there are **no null strings** and all entries are **non-numerical**, you can define *LRow* as:

`=MATCH("Ω",A:A)`

2) If there are **no null strings** and all entries are **numerical**, you can define *LRow* as:

`=MATCH(9.9E+307,A:A)`

3) If there are **no null strings** and entries are of a **mixed datatype**, i.e. some numerical, some non-numerical, you can define *LRow* as:

`=MAX(MATCH("Ω",A:A),MATCH(9.9E+307,A:A))`

If there are null strings within the range then the solutions become necessarily more complex, and it is no longer possible to avoid a construction in which each cell within the array is processed individually. As such, the best we can do is to minimize the range which we pass to be processed.

Hence, we have:

4) If there **are null strings**, you can define *LRow* as:

`=MATCH(1,0/(LEN(A1:INDEX(A:A,MAX(MATCH("Ω",A:A),MATCH(9.9E+307,A:A))))>0))`

(You could of course make this even more efficient if the datatype is consistently numerical or non-numerical, as above.)

which requires array-entry (CSE) and which, in general, will vastly reduce the range being processed, especially compared to something such as:

`=MATCH(1,0/(LEN(A:A)>0))`

which is disastrous in terms of efficiency.

Note that the additional functions within the former are of very little detriment: it is far more important to reduce the number of cells being processed than to worry about an additional function call or two.

You can now use this within an `INDEX`

construction to dynamically define your range. For example:

`=A1:INDEX(A:A,`*LRow*)

which, as mentioned, is barely volatile at all.

Regards

`INDIRECT`

, as you have pointed out. Are we to assume you want to avoid VBA?`=OFFSET(B1,0,0,COUNTA(B:B))`

. You could also use something like`=OFFSET(B1,0,0,MAX(IF(NOT(ISBLANK(B:B)),ROW(B:B))))`

if you do not have contiguous data, but I've not tested it to see if it's actually faster.