Is there an equivalent to
bin for Windows? If so, how can I access it from the command prompt?
There's nothing actually special about
/bin on Unix/Linux at all. It's just the location where executable files (including scripts, which aren't actually binary files) are placed by convention, and it is included in the
PATH environment variable by default for all users. As Ryan says, the
\Windows\System32 directory on Windows is also in
PATH for all Windows users (and, even if it isn't, Windows' program loader will search there anyhow).
You can easily create your own equivalent of
/bin on Windows. To make it system-wide, place it somewhere like the root of the file system (as in
C:\bin) or under an already-restricted location like
\Windows\System32\bin), and add it to the
PATH environment variable for all users. For a per-user location, create the directory in your own profile (
%USERPROFILE%\bin) and add it to your account's
PATH environment variable. Windows combines the per-user and system-wide
PATH environment variables, so anything in the machine
PATH variable is also added to any user's
PATH, but not the other way around.
Of course, you'll have to add files / scripts / shortcuts / symlinks to your
bin directory yourself. Windows installers don't expect such a thing, and won't put files there automatically the way that Linux installers will usually do.
As others have said, it's not clear exactly you mean by "equivalent", but many of the commands commonly used on the command line are either built into cmd.exe (dir, copy, type, mkdir, etc) even when the Unix equivalent would be in /bin, and others (findstr, net, mountvol, shutdown, tasklist, etc) are mostly located in (typically) C:\Windows\System32 (32-bit versions on 64-bit systems in c:\Windows\SysWOW64).
A list of commands can be shown with the
help command, this includes some that are built-in to cmd.exe and some that are external programs.
I have been maintaining servers for almost 30 years both windows and Linux. For some reason at the beginning I started creating a bin folder in the root of c: and I always put all my scripts and utilities that I use to maintain the server. Sometimes I added to the Path but not always. Guess I always like the idea of a folder called bin on both systems to put my scripts in.
But yeah, nothing magical about it you can do something different on each system.