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Questions tagged [802.11]

IEEE 802.11 is a set of standards for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 2.4, 3.6 and 5 GHz frequency bands.

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How does OFDMA collaborate with CSMA/CA in WiFi 6 and beyond?

The use of CSMA in legacy WiFi conflicts with OFDMA in emerging WiFi protocols. We assume a scenario where all devices (APs and stations) are 802.11ax-based and support OFDMA. We are considering the ...
TerryZ's user avatar
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CSMA/CA and wi-fi repeaters

I found this interesting article: Why Don't Wi-Fi Repeaters Work Very Well - OK, Why Do They Suck? 1 The author has good points. After a few posts the author says something that catches my attention: ...
Nevesja's user avatar
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Modulation and Coding Scheme scaling

I have 2 of the same client devices using 802.11ax WiFi technology. One is configured to use 2 spatial streams and the other has 3. When they are connected to the access point at range (600ft or more),...
bgardne7's user avatar
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What is the Dot11 frame structure of an MLME-SCAN Request?

Within the 802.11 specification, I stumbled upon a set of primitives that describe that the AP effectively requests that the STA scan to start roaming to another AP. These primitives are comprised of ...
afterShock's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

Wlan roaming mesh assumptions and authorization to fake AP

I have some questions and assumptions and I want to ask about them: Based on topology in my picture: Assuming situation 1: APs are configured just as APs with WPA3 Personal, they don't know about each ...
Max's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is this possible or am I just seeing things?

I was just playing around in the properties section of my student accommodation's 5ghz wifi network and upon scrolling down in MS settings where it describes the specs of the network I realized that ...
garrix1032's user avatar
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1 answer
265 views

Bad connection with 30 clients on a Ruckus R750 router

I have 30 Win 10/11 laptop gaming computers in the office. I put a Ruckus R750 (AX) in the office and provide the wireless connection for the computers. When 30 computers start to visit a website like ...
Monchhichi's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why is the 6 GHz band not working with my Wi-Fi 6 card?

I've recently installed an Intel Wi-Fi 6 AX210 controller to test 6 GHz wireless networks. The specifications clearly say that the device supports 2.4, 5 and 6 GHz bands, but the iw list shows that ...
Abra Mixabra's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
466 views

Is it possible to send 802.11 data frames manually without monitor mode?

I am trying to determine whether it is possible to send 802.11 packets manually without first enabling monitor mode on the wireless adapter. Basically, I want to be able send a normal data packet (...
B00TK1D's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can I use a USB Wireless Adapter to receive WIFI 6 on an old laptop?

My apartment only provide WIFI 6 network. But my wireless network adapter driver version was around 2017.x, which is too old for WIFI 6. Plus the system version of my laptop is also too old, I cannot ...
Iulia's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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802.11s mesh_params documentation

I have connected 2 devices using an 802.11s mesh for Layer 2 bridging. The first device is turned on most of the times, but the second one isn't. So, I am looking for a way to reduce the scanning ...
ManSamVampire's user avatar
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1 answer
1k views

Windows 10 does not detect Wi-Fi as metered connection

I want Windows Wi-Fi client to detect wireless connection as metered connection. I found that 802.11 protocol supports vendor-specific information elements (IEs). Those IEs are injected into beacon ...
filimonic's user avatar
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1 answer
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Wireshark in windows 10 not showing "80211" header for Link Layer Header column

I am trying to capture Wi-Fi frames and check few parameters of 802.11. For that, I was trying to set the Link Layer Header of Capture Options in the wire shark. The drop down of the Interface WiFi is ...
Franc's user avatar
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1 answer
470 views

Can 802.11 a/b/g/n adapter sniff a b g n traffic simultaneously in monitor mode?

I have wifi adapter based on rt5572 which supports a/b/g/n. And let's say I have Mixed mode wifi network where there is AP and a, b, g, n wifi clients all in the same network. The questions I have: ...
greenfrogs's user avatar
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Is there a limit of connected devices in TDLS (802.11z)?

I know handshake and link establishment is done at routing level, and then the link works on switching level allowing devices to talk without causing any latency or work burden on the AP, but is there ...
sartox's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the maximum size of a 802.11s wireless network?

How many nodes is it theoretically, and practically, possible to have in an 802.11s network?
Rob Gilton's user avatar
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1 answer
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Only one WIFI mesh network node can apparently see the other node(?). How might i troubleshoot it?

I'm trying to set up a wifi mesh network on/between a PC and a Rasberry Pi 4b (not using the onboard wifi). But seem to have hit a snag on the PC node side. For some reason, apparently only the ...
DhP's user avatar
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1 answer
2k views

802.11ax monitor mode captures very few packets

I am using an ASUS RT-AX88U router and a Samsung Galaxy S10 to transfer 802.11ax packets. Using iperf3, I can get speeds of up to 900 (!) Mbps. I use a laptop with an Intel AX200 chipset put in ...
Shivang's user avatar
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2 answers
18k views

How to connect Echo Dot to University protected wifi

I recently won an Echo dot in a Hackathon and I was very excited to try it out but sadly the dot does not connect to 'Eduroam', the university network. The Uni site says that eduroam uses '802.1x ...
Ariane's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Current State of WPS (WiFi Protected Setup)

So I’ve been messing around with learning and trying to get into WPS networks (solely for educational / research purposes. I own the network) for a bit now and have run into a good number of ...
ubernoob1010's user avatar
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1 answer
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Want to monitor 802.11mc Fine time measurement packets . Is there any packet sniffer that allows me to get all packets/frames from link layer?

I am doing a project with new fine time measurement capability introduced with 802.11mc (2016). I would like to monitor the frames for that. Is it possible to get it using Wireshark or any other ...
Amarnath R Shenoy's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
175 views

Problems with switching between Wi-Fi APs (roaming)

I had one Wi-Fi router at home but it wasn't enough to cover every room and I had another one lying around so I decided to connect them to cover more area. The basic config is following: ┌───────┐ ...
VaNa's user avatar
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Getting “wlan0: Association Request to driver failed” error when using Raspberry Pi 3b+ as client to perform fast handover using 802.11r

I am trying to use a Raspberry Pi 3b+ as a client to perform fast handover (802.11r). I am using wpa_supplicant-2.6 and I have also enabled 802.11r while I was building it from the source code. It ...
pratikv2x1's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
91 views

Can an 802.11AC router become an 802.11AD router? [closed]

I recently came across an advertisement for an asus 802.11AX router and I wanted to see if its possible to upgrade a router to AX being that they share the same frequencies. Whats stopping a company ...
ldrrp's user avatar
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0 answers
533 views

802.11s mesh network cannot ping between different Ubuntu systems

I am setting up an 802.11s mesh network on Ubuntu Linux systems, after disabling NetworkManager and netplan.io. The following commands are an example of what is used to set up the mesh on one ...
montywile's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
732 views

How to make Wireshark show http format instead of 802.11 or check if Wireshark is capturing it

First of all, this might look like a duplicate from this post, and it kind of is, but at the time writing my rep is not high enough to comment and I was walking in to some issues whilst applying that ...
Joeri's user avatar
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2 answers
2k views

Windows 10 cannot use 5Ghz to reach 100mbps

I have upgraded my landline to get 100mbps. My router can handle it since I manage to peak at 96 with my cell phone, a OnePlus One 5T For my PC, I bought an ASUS PCE-AC56 to be able to reach those ...
Enrique Moreno Tent's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
130 views

Deauth frames showing up as ethernet II frames under wirshark

I'm trying to write a simple deauth attack script, but when I when fire up wireshark instead of deauth frames I only see Ethernet II frames; in addition the frames have no effect on any of my network'...
Practical1's user avatar
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1 answer
449 views

Capturing Link layer frames

I've been trying to capture link layer frames. I've tried using wireshark (also tcpdump and airmon-ng) both in monitor mode and managed mode (/promiscuous mode), yet have been unable to see them. Put ...
Turbotrout's user avatar
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0 answers
1k views

5G Networks Disappeared from Network List

All 5GHz networks have suddenly and inexplicably disappeared from the network list on my Windows 10 PC. Normal 2.4GHz band networks are still there. Have been connected in the past, always (stuff ...
George Barron's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

connecting from tpye A device to b/g/n wirless network

i have an old ubiquiti nanostaion5-Loc which seems to only support 802.11A and a tp-link w8960n router supporting b/g/n im sure the nanostation can be used as a wireless bridge but can i use it to ...
Amir Abbas Balvardi's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
313 views

WMM/WME(802.11e) not working properly in 802.11n?

I'm performing some tests regarding 802.11e (WMM/WME) performance and when doing up-link it isn't working properly. Im using an Lynksys 1200ac with OpenWrt/LEDE as AP, and two PCs lets say PC1 and ...
Paulo Ribeiro's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
452 views

Which 802.11 frame should be used to identify clients of an Access Point [scapy]

Which 802.11 frame should I use in order to identify if a specific MAC address is associated with an Access Point. Beacon frames as named could be used to identify the Access Points, but how to ...
Shameer Kashif's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
891 views

How MU-MIMO handles TxBF and transmitting multiple streams together?

I have gone through a lot of references and most of it told like atleast 2 antennas are required to do TxBF, and with two different antennas either we can do TxBF by transmitting same streams or ...
Gopikrishnan's user avatar
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0 answers
77 views

Troubleshooting poor Wi-Fi performance of one particular device in a home network

I have a problem with one particular device, a nettop. It has a RTL8821AE adapter (1x1 2.4/5 GHz 802.11ac). Pinging the Wi-Fi router from this nettop often looks like this: Pinging 192.168.31.1 with ...
Violet Giraffe's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

How often will an unassociated STA scan the network?

Consider an 802.11 STA that is currently unassociated. While unassociated, how often will it scan the network (passively or actively) to determine available APs? There is enough information about the ...
Sam Karr's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
444 views

WIFI protocol mismatch on 5GHz

Hardware involved: FritzBox 5490 and a Lumia 950XL smartphone (with Qualcomm Atheros AR6320) While beeing connected on the 5GHz band the router' webinterface reports using 802.11ac for the connection ...
Evgeni's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to capture tcp/ip traffic in wireless connection with 802.11x frame format?

I'm using wireshark program to sniff my traffic. When i change mode of my network card from managed mode to monitor mode, i only see "beacon frames" and "RTS & CTS" packets in wireshark. Is there ...
Pioneerhfy's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
9k views

Why do i see Ethernet II protocol in wireshark in wireless connection?

I have a small network in my home that consists of one network device named airties rt-205 and clients. Clients connect to this device via wireless and send its packet to the internet through this ...
Pioneerhfy's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
141k views

Is wireless n only faster than mixed mode? [duplicate]

I thought wireless n is backwards compatible with g and b (and wireless g is backwards compatible with b)? If this is so, why do many home routers have settings to specify "wireless n only"? I have ...
northerner's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
6k views

How to decrypt 802.11 packets manually?

Without using Wireshark, how are 802.11 meant to be decrypted? I know the EAPOL and passphrase are required, but what are the steps required to perform the decryption? Another way to put it is, how ...
John M.'s user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the current version of the 802.11r standard

I'm looking for WiFi mesh standards (802.11s, 802.11r, 802.11k, 802.11v). For example I have found 802.11r-2008 on IEEE's site (here). The page says that the standard is superceded, but it doesn't ...
Kyle Sweet's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

How to get 802.11 protocol type of wireless interface in Debian 8.6?

I have one wireless interface that connected to an access point (AP), and I want to know which type of 802.11 protocol (e.g. 802.11n or 802.11b) is used to communicate with AP. I know there is a Linux ...
yangfr's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
928 views

Multiple 802.11 associations with single physical antenna?

My Question is as an access point with a single PHY# hardware antenna is able to create multiple virtual interfaces and and announce multiple SSID Now, as we can create multiple virtual interfaces in ...
Arjun sharma's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
114 views

What change enabled the range doubling from wifi protocols 802.11g to 802.11n?

I've been recently struggling with bad wifi reception through concrete walls and couldn't help but notice that both the integrated wifi in my laptop (a/g/n) and my phone (a/b/g/n/ac) have far better ...
jadsq's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
560 views

Is it better to choose a more-crowded WiFi channel or one with a strong competitor?

In this other SuperUser question, the consensus was to stick with WiFi channels 1, 6, or 11. But what if two of those channels (channels 1 and 6, for example) are both very crowded, but the other ...
End Antisemitic Hate's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

What is the purpose of both 802.11 re-authentication and re-association while roaming?

I mean this. Firstly I've connected to my iPhone to my D-Link router : And then I've moved to another floor and was reasonably connected to my another ZyXEL router that was closer: Authentication ...
heyjohnnyfunt's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
221 views

Should a device that supports WPA2-AES be able to connect to a Mixed Mode network (WPA-TKIP, WPA2-AES)?

I'm not sure if this is the right place to ask this question, please let me know if it is not. I have a specific question about the 802.11 security standards for WiFi. I am using an embedded WiFi ...
User84215679485312's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

How to configure AAA server and hostapd to support Hotspot 2.0 / Passpoint?

I am trying to setup an independent Hotspot 2.0 network. I am using TP-Link Archer C7 v2 routers as accesspoint. I built and flashed Openwrt 15.05 on router. Built hostapd from source with HS20 and ...
Sunil Shahu's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
244 views

How do older non-MIMO standards like IEEE 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g make use of multiple antennas?

Let's say we have a wifi router which supports IEEE 802.11n, 802.11ac with 2x2 or 3x3 MIMO, and is also backward compatible with 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g. Given that 802.11a/b/g are non-MIMO ...
tech's user avatar
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