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Questions tagged [filesystems]

A file system is the specification of how files in a computer should be stored, named and organized. This tag should be used for generic file system questions. For specific file system questions (FAT, NTFS, ext4, ...) use the appropriate tag instead.

2
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1answer
24 views

What filesystem and backup strategy for a small-scale home server?

I am rebuilding a home server after my previous one failed (My Odroid C1 with 1GB RAM running Ubuntu 14.04 was just struggling with RAM and other things that made it hang; my mdadm-lvm RAID1 storage ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

mkfs. any way to personalize the uuid generation?

Running mkfs.<type> [...] generates a File System and its UUID. any way to personalize it? In a fashion like "not generate UUID with numbers '4' and '5' or letters 'b' 'c' ".
0
votes
0answers
21 views

allocation unit size problems on my laptop

I have a desktop and a laptop. When I formatted my USB drive, I put a big allocated size number. USB is working fine on my desktop, but on my laptop it's not working fine (it's telling me to format ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Does stripping 8dot3name entries on NTFS OS partition on Windows 10 on an m.2 SSD provide any noticeable benefit?

I've read about 8dot3name problem when there is a large number of files on a hard drive partition (>300'000 is the general rule of thumb, it seems) but all the sources are at least several years old ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Use Linux Mint to access files from "Windows Subsystem for Linux” written by Ubuntu

I have Windows installed on my C: drive, and I have Ubuntu/Bash in Windows.  I have a second partition with Linux Mint.  On Windows bash I tried to use fdisk -l to see what partitions there are, ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

What is a good and appropriate way to install tools and utilities (Windows) [closed]

I came across a dilemma about correctly installing tools and utilities recently when I was cleaning up my Windows PC. Sometimes I would need to use specific utilities that don't require installation, ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

How do I Mount HFS+ driives in Win7 without having to pay for licensed software? [closed]

Does anyone know how i can mount a HFS+ / APFS drives without going down the route of paid products such as Mac Drive Software? My workplace has multiple workstations that could need this at any time ...
-1
votes
0answers
55 views

I deleted a file named […] that's pointing to its parent folders on windows 10, but then all of my files are gone [closed]

I deleted a file named [...] on the local version of Onedrive on Windows 10, but then all files stored on this local version of Onedrive disappeared! What should I do to restore the files? HELPPPPP! ...
3
votes
1answer
810 views

SD 64GB Ultra works fine but sometimes goes back in time literally [duplicate]

I have a Sandisk Ultra 64GB card which works fine.. I used it for a few months and it never had problems Short story: New files sometimes vanish. Deleted files sometimes reappear, and they also work ...
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

SSH_FX_PERMISSION_DENIED in Sftp even the directory has 777 perms

I have an sftp server with a directory located into /share/data This directory belongs to the root user so I've granted all permission to the dir: chmod -R 777 /share But if I try to create a new ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Why is path with more root slashes valid?

In linux system, if you change directory into '//' you can browse the file system, while your root will be '//'. This does not happen with more slashes, more slashes produce original '/'. Possible ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How to remove a level in file structure in Windows 10

I have searched, and found some old questions and answers, but nothing has worked for me. I have drive with several TB of photos (avid amateur photographer for decades). The directory structure has ...
194
votes
3answers
34k views

On my Windows machine, I had a folder with a name of four dots that acted like some kind of rabbit hole - how did that happen?

The folder name was listed in File Explorer with just plain four dots ..... When I tried opening it, I came into some kind of endless rabbit hole loop where I opened the exact same folder again and ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

SD card has 26gb large “file” [duplicate]

Windirstat shows a large unknown something of 26gb! I have a Samsung 128gb microsd in win10 oct update. I cannot see it in explorer. So I tried to run Ubuntu (from win store) and mounted the sd. $ ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Windows says I need to format FAT32 parition

I was recently trying to move some of my files on my USB drive (Kingston DT Elite G2) from NTFS ot FAT32 using a Linux Mint 19 system. What I did was: make a FAT32 partition copy some files from the ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Mount options ext4 overlayfs

Im on an embedded system (ARM-based) with kernel 4.4.19. The root fs is an overlayfs with two ext4 (lower = ro, upper = rw) Filesystems, both on emmc. The upper dir is mounted with noatime,data=...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

Files showing up as data taken up on disk, but now visible in Windows explorer

Windows 10 64 bit Pro This is the situation: Installed windows on laptop Took the disk form laptop and put it in desktop Copied files from desktop disk to laptop disk Copied and pasted files show ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Stop any modification on the inodes tables

I have just deleted a file and I would like to recover it. I know that the first think to do is to stop any changes in with inodes. How do I do this?
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Unable to format a USB drive after using it as a bootable usb device

I have some difficulties to format my usb drive. I used RUFUS to convert it into a bootable usb drive to install Windows 10, everything worked perfectly. I could use it to copy files while there were ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

SD card files get destroyed by my PC

My PC (At work) is an HP 6305 mini-case system (I bought it as a second hand several months ago) that I have installed Windows7 Ultimate 64bit on it. When I connect an SD card to its USB port, it ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Files copied to hard drive via USB adapter disappear when booting from the drive

I had a large amount of data on one laptop (A) that needed to be moved to another laptop (B). Both laptops are running Windows 10 x64. I removed the SATA hard drive from Laptop B and connected it to ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Why isn't the directory size the same as the sum of its children for Windows 10

I have a directory that contains a ton of music that it showing weird file sizes in Windows 10. When I click on the directory containing all the music, it shows 809GB and over 164k files. When I ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

How to stop Windows creating unknown alphanumeric folders in my external drive?

I posted similar question and accepted an answer as Visual Studio installation can left behind these files as documented but there is more to it. I haven't installed any Microsoft product but I keep ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

RabbitMQ high disk usage

I'm running a two-nodes RabbitMQ cluster. The cluster manages about 200k messages per second, most of them (due to a configuration error) on the same node. It has already happened that the most ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

Which filesystems reuse unchanged data blocks on write?

Let's say I open and read an existing file of N blocks where N > 1. Then I change data which resides within the boundaries of one - 1 - block. On writing back the actual data, presumably one of ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Chain of folders inside each other

Recently my friend encountered a weird problem. There is a unnamed folder and all my files are stored there and i can't access them. There is a gif to see what my current problem is, how can I access ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Directory size difference across file systems: is it block size?

I find that when looking at the same data on two different drives, I get very different directory sizes. I believe this has to do with block/cluster size: Block size and llf Is it best to reformat ...
-2
votes
2answers
54 views

What are filesystem access timestamps used for? [closed]

I always turn last access timestamps off, for performance, and frankly for privacy. But Windows and Linux both seem to have them as a feature enabled by default, so I suppose there must be some use ...
-1
votes
1answer
36 views

Why the maximum file size of a FAT32 formatted volume is 4GB in windows OS?

The size of File Allocation Table(FAT) depends on the number of clusters, the version used, the size of volume used. For example, a volume with size 8GB and formatted as FAT32 with 4096 bytes sized ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

fsck: error 2 (No such file or directory) while executing fsck.ext4, fsck exited with status code 8

I'm getting this error every time I boot: fsck: error 2 (No such file or directory) while executing fsck.ext4 for /dev/sda1 fsck exited with status code 8 My sda drive is a ~250 Gb SDD, and I ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

Excessive files in root of C

I have heard from a variety of sources that like the desktop, the root of C is "special" and that it is best practice not to clutter that folder, especially with loose files, but also to try to make ...
52
votes
2answers
6k views

In a symlink pointing to '127.0.1.1:+xxxxx', what is the plus character for?

On my Linux filesystem, a symlink points to 127.0.1.1:+xxxxx. Why the plus sign? Could there also be a minus? Why not just 127.0.1.1:xxxxx?
0
votes
0answers
39 views

How to fix an APFS corruption?

A few weeks ago, I copied some directories from an old external hard drive to my iMac. I ended up with a few corrupt files due to the bad state of this ancient hard drive. I managed to delete them, ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Read only file common to all Windows systems

I'm working on unit testing a project and want to check that something fails when given a file that cannot be written to. On Unix, I know there are a number of handy files that can be used to check ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

When I take a photo of myself with my laptop camera, what directory is it placed in?

I took a picture using my laptop's camera but I have no idea where the picture is. I currently am using the picture for my account profile on my computer. Here are the things I have already tried: ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Somehow the /var/www/html folder got converted to a binary file? How do I convert it back?

I was trying to transfer some files from home directory to /var/www/html folder. This was not possible due to permission settings as the system was saying I was not the owner of the folder. So after ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How to simply keep a file in open status without help of program in C language/etc.. by using windows bare basic features?

Why robocopy still copy an open file, opened by txt editor in windows Further to above question, how could it be the simplest way to keep an file opened in a bare windows env like server 2016 ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

fsck has been running for more than 30 days on 30TB ext4 partition, can't mount

Given a 30TB partition of disks on hw raid5. LVM is on top and filesystem is ext4. (It's 99,9% full of data.) I wanted to add another 20TB and resize the partition and filesystem. Before resizing, it ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How to mirror a filesystem structure but wo any content

This is needed for backup purposes. Just the index of the entire fs structure. I can do such image with a FAR File Manager plugin. How can the same be achieved in the GNUverse? Mirroring means ...
3
votes
1answer
494 views

How did I end up with these unknown folders/files on my external drive?

Here is snapshot of my external drive. I never store any files directly in its root folder yet I have bunch of files eula.###.txt and others for example install.exe and similar files. How did they get ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Corrupted files - all files on drive had their size capped to 64 KB

I have a Windows hard-drive from my previous computer that got corrupted in a very weird manner. All the files in the hard-drive had their size capped to 64 KB (I connected the hard-drive to my ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Prevent MicroSD from writing to C drive

This may not be the wise choice, but i have installed portable apps onto a MicroSD card to conserve space on my drive. Is it possible to prevent these programs to write to the C drive and still have ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Why NFS shows 100% but actual disk usage is some MB only

We have an issue with one of the NFS as its showing 94% usage as per df but actually some 10 BM only used. # df -h |grep lv-new-1401 cbjserver:/f04780/lv-new-1401 10G 9.4G 650M 94% /var/lib/...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How to create a virtual machine from a linux file system folder

I have a Linux file system folder that I got from a dashcam's firmware update archive. It is basically a classic Linux file system (I think it's a Gentoo-based distro, called HiLinux) with opt, etc, ...
0
votes
2answers
161 views

Check the cluster size of an exFAT drive on Windows

How do I check the cluster/allocation size of an exFAT drive on Windows?
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Zip File Workaround for Windows “Destination Path Too Long” Error

So when copying files on windows to a backup drive, I ran into this "Destination Path Too Long" issue, and couldn't copy over a few nested files. But interestingly, when I zipped the folder, copied ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

In what order does Konqueror copy files? Is it biggest first? Is this helpful?

I've selected a very large set of folders in Konqueror and copied them from one disk to another. I'm noticing, watching the progress, that it's blatantly not copying in simple depth-first order. ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Can't delete file as root

Routine system update (Linux Mint 19) failed with an error about not being able to make a backup of a file. File has very weird owner and group and odd lsattr behavior. Can't delete the file as root. ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Mount error: “unknown filesystem type 'exfat'”

I'm running Fedora 28 and when I try to mount this SD card, I get the following error: The last part of the error message translates to unknown filesystem type 'exfat' If I try to open it using ...
4
votes
3answers
86 views

Clear a Linux storage device with sgdisk

I wish to use sgdisk to delete all partition definitions and data from a storage device, then create a GPT and two partitions on it . The best solution I've found is to use the -Z and the -o options. ...