Questions tagged [filesystems]

A file system is the specification of how files in a computer should be stored, named and organized. This tag should be used for generic file system questions. For specific file system questions (FAT, NTFS, ext4, ...) use the appropriate tag instead.

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How to use x-systemd-makefs to make a filesystem

I'm trying to make systemd make an ext4 filesystem on a disk (/dev/xvdh). The manual is here: https://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/man/systemd-makefs@.service.html I don't understand how to ...
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How to calculate exact size of partition and number of inodes to write a directory

I need to write a directory with files (specifically - a Linux chroot) to a file with LVM image on it. The background of task is stupid, but I want to understand what is going on for now. I calculate ...
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Access files encrypted with Windows EFS (Encrypting File System) on Linux

I have a PC with multiple hard drives containing files encrypted with EFS. If I install Linux, is there a way to access these files?
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“Windows cannot access the specified device, path, or file” crashes all Windows 10 apps immediately

I've been having this problem for a day or two now. Every time I try to open any Windows 10 App or App Service (Groovy, Realtek Audio Manager, Photo Viewer, wsreset.exe), I'm greeted with "Windows ...
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How to fix bad sectors HDD on linux?

I am running Pop!_OS on my 128GB SSD and want to install Windows 10 on my 3TB HDD for gaming. The thing is that the HDD is for some reason really slow. I checked on Linux and it says that there are ...
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What settings should I use for formatting a usb drive that I am using to hold clones of virtual machines?

I have a usb drive that I am looking to use to hold clones of my virtual machines. I am already leaning towards NTFS over exFAT for robustness and some apparent performance issues with exFAT. But what ...
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1answer
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Possible to do overlay-like FS where dirs in the upper layer completely overshadow lower dirs (shallow merge vs deep merge)?

Is it possible to setup an overlay style FS on Linux where the presence of a directory in the upper dir COMPLETELY overshadows the lower dir? Lower Layer: /dir1/fileA /dir2/fileB Upper Layer: /...
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ZFS reporting different disk usage, which one is correct?

I am trying to figure out how much space on disk is used by ZFS, with deduplicaiton eabled. I have only enabled deduplication, not changed chunk size or anything else. But depending on the command I ...
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1answer
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Converting Ext4 Simple/Dynamic drive back to Basic/Partition

So basically i was trying to add a 5th partition and in that process I've converted my whole disk to a dynamic drive, which contains both NTFS and EXT4 with Linux on dual boot. Now the problem is it ...
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Delete CDFS volume from USB drive in windows?

I recently attempted to install ubuntu onto a removable USB drive. Eventually, I wanted to replace the ubuntu version with another, but the problem is that, besides for the 3.7gb of "free space" I can ...
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Partition Help - /dev/sda1 is apparently in use by the system; will not make a filesystem here

First time post on here. I'm studying for the LFCS course so I'm relatively new to Linux sysadmin, so apologies if this is an obvious question. I'm having a very frustrating issue that has had me ...
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What is the state of ext2/3/4 support in Windows as of 2020?

I haven't used Windows on my own machine for several years, and thus have not had the need to access ext2/3/4-formatted partitions with Windows. I had used to use ext2fsd, which, with some grumbling ...
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What is the meaning of a word or words surrounded by square brackets at the top of various file types?

I see various file types with the following structure at the top of the file: [xxx] I work with AWS a lot and I see it often in their config files. For example regarding CFN-init, the config files ...
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Why are screen recordings on MacOS unable to be played once copy/pasted to a usb drive?

If I take a screen recording in MacOS, (seemingly regardless of file size) and copy/paste it into a usb drive, then try to play the .mov file from the usb (on a Mac)I get the error: The document <...
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ZFS to boot ubuntu in 20.04 for SoHo server. Is this a good idea?

It seems ZFS is much more robust than ext4, specially for handling power failures or bad-blocks/media-corruption. There's old literature from 2013, 2014... here and there about ZFS as a boot ...
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Filesystems that handle data-duplication efficiently and transparently

Are there filesystems that handle data-duplication efficiently and transparently for the user? Example: I have C:\documents\2019\bigfile.csv (250 MB) I copy it to C:\temp\bigfile.csv, the used ...
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How to turn off or reset automatic file incrementing

You download a file with a specific name. It saves as that name. You download that file again, there is a -01 appended to the end of the file name, before the extension. Why? Because the original ...
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1answer
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What is the command to see what files in linux is currently being written or read?

Just like top command which tells what process is running in the system and what is it doing like which process is running and taking CPU. I want to know in the running system what currently the ...
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Get-Childitem still displays missing folder

Powershells Get-Childitem is displaying a folder that does not exist (anymore). Windows Explorer does not show the folder when looking at the parent folder. The search tool "Everything" from voidtools ...
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Can't create files with specific names in specific directories. “no space left on device”

I ran into problems with a proces that produces a huge amount of files within a subdirectory (potentially even going into the millions) following a very specific filename-scheme (e.g. something like ...
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1answer
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Windows hangs during defragmentation

So I was defragmenting my disk and let the computer sort it out. I was going to look for something when I noticed that windows didnt react. No matter the input from mouse or keyboard, my monitor light ...
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24 character limit for certain folders in Windows 10

I am using Windows 10 Home edition. I have noticed in some of my folders there's a 24 character limit for the file names. I searched google and found that setting the value of LongPathsEnabled = 1 in ...
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1answer
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Linux Kernel 5.6.2 - Can't Find Block Device to Mount Root Filesystem

I work in a very heavily regulated industry. I've been tasked with creating a secure boot chain. That is, from boot, it needs to boot into a minimal Linux Kernel who's initramfs has a Python init ...
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How to open static web page on remote machine trough file:// protocol

On a remote computer, a code documentation (static html pages) is located at /path/to/docs. To access it, the recommended way is to start NoMachine, get a virtual desktop, start the web browser (...
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Debian - Which directories don't contain real files

I'm currently trying to figure out which directories I need if I want to download all data from my debian (9) server. I already figured out that /dev and /proc along with /mnt don't contain any "real" ...
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Overlayfs copy-up creates empty file

I'm doing something which is kind of weird, creating an overlayfs mount in which the lower directory is a FUSE volume (which I've implemented). This seems to mostly work, I can read files from the ...
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Deleting Recovery partition on a hard drive without OS

I want to create a windows+linux dual boot setup on my PC. I have 3 drives in total, two SSDs(Disks 0 and 1) for each OS and a HDD(Disk 2) that I plan to format and use with NTFS file system for ...
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1answer
208 views

File Clash in Union Mount Filesystems

I am doing some reading on Union Mount Filesystems from the following source: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.386.8972&rep=rep1&type=pdf Here's a snippet from the ...
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Are there e.g. file metadata issues with VirtualBox or VMware machines, under Linux, on an NTFS filesystem?

I would like to have VMware or VirtualBox virtual machines, used from Linux, stored on an NTFS drive as a first choice implementation. As it is a single-user machine, I am not concerned with security ...
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1answer
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Unable to locate a file path

I have Bitdefender Antivirus installed. I attempted to download and install a Monero wallet. The antivirus program identified 4 items of malware. It was able to delete two of the items, but two must ...
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How can I access my Windows file system files under the WSL Ubuntu app?

I have found only one resource on this specific case, and it doesn't work. It says to find part of the Windows file system under /mnt/<user-name>, yet my /mnt directory has no brady (my user) at ...
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What is the maximum number of files that can be stored in the root directory on FAT32, ExFAT, NTFS, EXT2, EXT3 and EXT4?

If I format a 1TB disk with the default parameters, what will be the maximum number of files I can store in the root directory of each filesystem? Edit: I did search for the information but none of ...
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Prevent filesystem caching on tmpfs

Suppose that I want to put a big file (or a bunch of files) into a TMPFS, for whatever reason. Using dd with various combinations of direct and nocache flags, whether I copy a file from disk or create ...
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Half of files go to program files, other half in appdata

Whenever I install something in program files x86, half the files get put in there where they should and the other half go to C:\Users\User\AppData\Local\VirtualStore\Program Files (x86) for some ...
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2answers
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Does index.html contain all files? [closed]

I was very perplexed that how can a browser run separate files together seeing how every website's front-end files were scattered in different folders. I saw that in "sources" in chrome's developers ...
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1answer
58 views

Identify only human-readable files in linux

I have 8 files in the linux operating system and i want to know which one of them is only-human readable file . -file00 -file01 -file02 -file03 -file04 -file05 -file06 -file07 -file08 -...
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Dual booting Linux and Windows - which filesystem should I choose?

I want to have Linux on my SSD 250GB disk and two partitions on HDD (250GB for Windows and 750GB for data). And I would like to have access to this data when I am using Linux (Ubuntu 18.04 LTS) and ...
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I have a micro sd card issue [duplicate]

my micro sd card are showing in hcsd wright protected mode and i can only read data .But in normal mode when i insert the card file explorer shows a drive (sdhc) without space level (like 5gb/32gb are ...
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Why is the Windows 10 “System” process ID4 regularly accessing my secondary data harddrive?

I use a computer with an SSD/HDD dual Setup, SSD for operating system und most applications and HDD mostly for storage. For energy saving and quitness I prefer the HDD to be shut down most of the time,...
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1answer
54 views

How to find another process that's using same file I'm trying to process?

I have a program that copies a ZIP file from a network path A to network path B and then unzips a file in same location (network path B) and then I got the following error popping up. How can I ...
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1answer
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File origin and log history

Before I start, English is not my primary language, so please excuse my lack of sentence structure and grammar. I am trying to find out where a .docx file originated from and what places it has been ...
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Linux emmc - mmc_hs400_to_hs200 failed, error -110

I've installed Debian Stable (and later upgraded to testing) on a 32gb emmc. I only switched to testing in order to see if the below error would quit happening: mmc_hs400_to_hs200 failed, error -110 ...
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What will happen to the partitioned disks in my ZFS pool as it fills up?

I'm using 3 hard drives, formatted with a mix of ext4 and NTFS, in a RAID-Z ZFS pool. I thought I would have to format these drives to use them with ZFS, but after following the HowToGeek guide on ...
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Does Windows 10 use 1 or 2 partitions for system files and user data?

I was wondering if Windows uses a separate partition for system files and another for personal files like Linux does?
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/boot partition full on Fedora

when I start system, I get an error message that /boot is full, also when I try dnf upgrade, I get a Transaction test error that says that kernel-core-5.5.10-200.fc31.x86_64 needs 38 MB in /boot. I ...
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2answers
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windows - Free space on disk but cannot partition

Iv'e been trying to set up an Ubuntu 18.04 as dual boot alongside my Windows 10 on my personal laptop, using this guide. I have only one disk, so the first step is to shrink the current partition ...
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1answer
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How to virtualize a file for a single program?

I have an application that accesses the /etc/hostname file. This application is meant to be executed 1 instance per machine. However, for debugging purposes, I'm running several instances in the same ...
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1answer
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ACLs on macOS: ACE “deny delete” on macOS with APFS broken? File not writable in GUI

Since the UF_NOUNLINK Unix flag is actively being thwarted by macOS, I was thinking about using a self-made shell script to achieve a similar functionality with an ACL, namely to prevent accidental ...
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181 views

Failing to repair an external HFS volume

Trying to repair an external hard drive (Seagate portable 2TB), it had one partition that contained both time machine stuff and some files that i only have one copy of unfortunately. I assume that ...
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Why macOS converts NFC normalized names into NFD ones and how to stop it?

I'm running macOS Mojave with APFS, and whenever copy a file with NFC normalized name, the copy has and NFD normalized one. I also found this bit: "Apple’s new file system, APFS, already running on ...

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