Questions tagged [filesystems]

A file system is the specification of how files in a computer should be stored, named and organized. This tag should be used for generic file system questions. For specific file system questions (FAT, NTFS, ext4, ...) use the appropriate tag instead.

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External Harddrive: Compatible Partitions types

I have an external harddrive, which has a partition of NTFS and 300 GB of unallocated space. Is it possible to use that unallocated space to create a paartition on Macos? The disk utility doesn't let ...
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Repairing broken RaspberryPi partition

My RaspberryPi was acting up and I couldn't connect to it with SSH anymore, so I decided to restart it by cutting the power and plugging it back in. When starting it showed a message with "Kernel ...
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How can I monitor a folder, and it's subdirectories for changes, and show the diff

I need to monitor a folder and it's subdirectory for file modifications. I need to specifically know what modifications occur. After thinking about this problem, the files that I want to monitor must ...
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How do I know the compression algorithm used by Compact Os in Windows?

By using the command compact.exe /compactos:query all I get is if compact OS compression is activated or not, but not what compression algorithm is used, such as LZX, XPRESS4K, XPRESS8K or XPRESS16K. ...
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Data repair for a FAT32 drive that failed dynamic conversion to NTFS

I used this command "CONVERT F: /FS:NTFS". where F: is a 1Tb FAT32 formatted drive. Process hung and had to close it. After that my files sizes remained same but they were corrupt & ...
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Chroot into overlay filesystem over root

I want to install some packages in linux for testing purposes but leave the system untouched after the testing. My idea is to mount an overlay filesystem over the root (/) and then chroot to that to ...
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How can I interrupt a GParted move filesystem operation and recover the data?

I tried to use GParted to shrink a partition. Apparently, this was a huge mistake because it somehow decided shrink and then move. It took an hour to shrink and it estimates it will take 9 hours to ...
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Why this folder with a strange name appears on my laptop?

I am uncomfortable with a folder that appeared on my laptop. I feel that it treats my data. I would like to know what it is exactly and how to get rid of it. Thank you so much for your help.
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Can I resize a partition that I am currently booted into?

I would like to increase the size of my root partition. I was thinking that I could run fdisk /dev/sdb delete the sdb2 partition and create a new one that is bigger. However, I have read that I need ...
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Which file system sort order is fastest in Windows 10 for large libraries?

Which file system sort order is fastest to load in Windows 10 for large libraries? My intuition always told me that sorting by date modified was the fastest one to load up.
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3 votes
1 answer
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Are .img files block-aligned like actual filesystems?

Filesystems like ext4 are block-aligned, meaning files are aligned to blocks of a predefined size, typically 4 KB in the case of ext4. If an .img file is created from such a filesystem, can I assume ...
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Recursively remove a character from folders in Windows

Given a folder structure: ---- folder1#name --------- folder2#name ---- folder3#name --------- folder4#name ------------ folder5#name ------------ folder6#name ------------ folder7#name I want to ...
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How does a hard drive know if it's writing to a bad sector that wasn't bad before?

When a hard drive is writing to the disc, how does it know if a sector is bad when it's writing to it, if it was known previously as good? As far as I know it doesn't read back the data it has written,...
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Errors on a zpool filesystem [migrated]

I'm using ZFS on a Debian 9 machine. This machine has been working for years without any problem until today. The zfs pool is mounted on top of a RAID system, controlled by hardware (so only one drive ...
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Can't Delete File With Single Quotes [duplicate]

I tried to compress a backup file via tar command on Linux (Oracle Enterprise Linux 8) but after the execution, i created a file named '--use-compress-program=pigz' by mistake. The problem is, i can't ...
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File deletion on NTFS vs ext4

How does deletion of files on NTFS compare to deletion on ext4 in terms of basic methodology? This may be too broad of a question, so alternatively, I was looking at the Veracrypt docs On Windows, ...
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Benefits of Windows 10 "Encrypt contents to secure data" file option with BitLocker

I'm using Windows 10 and BitLocker for full-disk encryption. Recently I found that there is "Encrypt contents to secure data" attribute for files and folders. If I'm already using BitLocker,...
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How to add time and date to Windows file default name template?

When you create, or copy many objects with the same name — Windows numerates them in round brackets automatically, like this: New folder New folder (2) New folder (3), etc. Or this: New folder — ...
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How To Expand Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Filesystem Volume on Hyper-V

I created a Ubuntu 20.04 LTS virtual machine (VM) on Hyper-V and now I am running out of disk space and I need to increase the filesystem space.
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What does a ~$ in front of a file name in Macbook Pro mean?

ls -la on my macbook pro terminal reveals some files with prefix ~$. What is this? How was this created? Can I safely delete these files?
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Slow file explorer on Windows 11

File Explorer on my Windows 11 machine is somehow slow when I try to: Navigate between folders Create new files/folders It takes somehow 5+ seconds in order to respond to any action. Notes I think ...
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Automated way to create EXT4 Partition on Windows 10

The Problem Partitioning 32GB uSD cards with 2GB FAT32/~30GB EXT4 in a production environment (20 per day) performed by production technicians (people who need something that's simple as a single ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Why was my microSD card fixed after formatting?

I'm sure that they were not file system errors: reading it at the block level (pv /dev/sdb > /dev/null) gave a really low 1.4 MB/s and then at some point it stopped with "input/output" ...
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chkdsk constantly reports file and/or MFT corruption, but it only ever affects VSS

I'm having the strangest issue with chkdsk constantly reporting errors on a Windows 10 system, but there are almost no user-facing problems. The only thing it ever seems to cause an issue with is VSS ...
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I want to delete the all the file with the same extension

I have thousands of files with the below hierarchy. Mail folder -> sub folder -> example.xlsx Mail folder -> sub folder -> example.bck for example, I have thousands of "Main Folder&...
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Deleting old Dropbox files?

I installed Dropbox, and after some time I uninstalled it. Now i see stuff from Dropbox in my user folder. It wasn't created on this machine, but they were copied here. If i delete them, do they get ...
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Permanently deleted files from the desktop (OneDrive cloud) [duplicate]

The most terrible problem of every person or teenager has arisen. I decided to clean the computer, as I noticed that the "C" disk was clogged. Logged into the WizTree app. I scanned it, saw ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Odd behavior by 'du' with `dd` on a BTRFS disk showing 0 filesize.. Anyone got some clues or thoughts around it?

Been tinkering with btrfs with consideration of moving from ext4 to that. However, when wanting to compare R/W speeds, I seem to have come across an (to me at least) unusual behavior by du on the ...
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FAT32 compatibility difficulty?

I have an SOC retrogaming console which I believe is running on RetroArch, and a laptop running on Ubuntu. The SOC has a 64GB FAT32 micro SD card with games and save states and such on it. I took it ...
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7 votes
3 answers
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Sending file with alternate data stream?

I got .vbs file which has alternate data stream added with notepad. is there way to send it to someone without losing that. I tried to search for answer, but it seems like that alternate data stream, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to Manage SSH Key Permission in NTFS When Sharing Among Multiple System

I often work with remote hosts on multiple devices, mostly Windows and Linux machines. To avoid deploying my SSH keys everywhere, and circumvent the hassle of syncing SSH configuration, I put my SSH ...
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How can I create a hard link to a directory in Windows? [duplicate]

A comment at How to create a directory hard link in Windows? states it is "technically possible" to create a hard link to a directory, but so far I have not found anything about how to ...
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File locking in windows & linux [closed]

To what I've observed, Windows "locks" a file and prevents access (such as write and delete/remove access) when a particular file (such as a pdf) is opened as read-only. How is this actually ...
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1 answer
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Translation from Windows filename to Linux filename for WSL Ubuntu app

A general way to work with files in Windows is by dragging and dropping them into the application you want to use for viewing/working on that file (Notepad, Notepad++, Excel, etc.). Since I have an ...
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I found system files on a WD hard drive that I purchased new and never used as boot drive, can I delete them safely?

And why are they there? I am seeing invisible directories such as private, dev, cores, sbin, bin, usr etc. I only have ever used this HD for storage and that's all I want to use it for. Can I delete ...
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BTRFS discrepancy between df and du

the difference between disk usage reported by df and du makes 20% of capacity of my drive. It is ubuntu-type btrfs filesystem with @ and @home. Where could be the problem please? df -h /dev/sda2 ...
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How to mount Android 10 vendor image file / how to mount ext4 .img in write mode?

I'm getting the exact same error as How to mount Android 10 vendor image file, that is, when I decompressed system.new.dat.br from an Android ROM to a system.img and when I try to mount with: sudo ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Could the allocation unit size on my backup drive cause it to run of space when used to backup my main drive?

I’m using two hard drives for conducting monthly backup for certain data in my PC. However, I found out the folder the backup data inside my second hard drive has larger size on disk compare to the ...
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1 answer
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What features of journaling file systems are actually useful? [closed]

Not concerning about permissions, security, seamless usage with different OS. Journaling remains unclear. Do I need journaling (how exactly will it help)? If yes/no what is the threshold, when I ...
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Is it possible to create shortcut to a page in a Word or pdf file?

Looks like one can create a link to open a particular page in a pdf file as described here: https://helpx.adobe.com/acrobat/kb/link-html-pdf-page-acrobat.html. Is it possible to create a shortcut to a ...
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Utilize `fswatch` to improve `rsync`'s speed?

I have some huge folders containing about 40000 files (and much, much more gitignored files like node_modules), and I want to rsync to a remote machine. Currently, I use a simple script like run_rsync;...
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Can I restore Windows with a copy of the original filesystem?

Backstory: I had an issue where Windows somehow was booting off of another drive from it's original install, and I didn't realize it until I restarted and tried to boot back into Windows. I luckily ...
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Which files is KDE deleting?

I inadvertently started file deletion from KDE's Dolphin file manager. I noticed the mistake quickly and paused the process, but still in the 1–2 seconds a lot of files could have been gone. Now I'm ...
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1 vote
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How to make an SMB share seeming a regular directory?

I have an application (ACDSee) that does not want to work with network shares in certain cases. Namely, it checks if the directory is a network share and refuses to add it into indexing list. Is there ...
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-6 votes
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How to: Download Driver

I would like to download this package 3.16 - 5.14 drivers/staging/rtl8188eu/os_dep/usb_intf.c CONFIG_R8188EU CONFIG_STAGING 2357:010c * From here: https://linux-hardware.org/?id=usb:2357-...
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How do I format a Mac SSD drive in Linux Mint 20?

I have a 1 TB SSD drive that was taken from a Mac computer. I would like to use this drive in my Linux Mint 20 system or even in Windows 10. Based on information I found on this forum, I did "...
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2 answers
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How can I create a scenario to test zerofree?

What I am doing I am studying the filesystem image sparse tool: zerofree. I imagine the steps to create the scenario should be that: create a file system image. use some way to fill it. clear it, but ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
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How do I delete 10 newest files in Linux?

similiar to this question, I want to delete the 10 newest files. (Since the recent files contain error while the previous files are ok) The answer from linked question (only keep the 10 newest file) ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Prevent deleting files in XCFE

I use XFCE 4.12 on Ubuntu 18.04 ; and I would like to avoid deleting files inadvertently from the right-click menu: Both "Move to Trash" and "Delete" menu items permanently delete ...
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In Windows 10, where is a mounted folder's contents actually stored?

Question 1) Let's say I have a mounted folder to my D: drive in C:\Users\Me\Documents\Homework. Let's say I save a file in there called Assignment1.txt. Is the file location of Assignment1.txt ...
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