Questions tagged [filesystems]

A file system is the specification of how files in a computer should be stored, named and organized. This tag should be used for generic file system questions. For specific file system questions (FAT, NTFS, ext4, ...) use the appropriate tag instead.

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What is the benefit of tailoring `mke2fs` regarding inode count compared to leaving the default

I have found that manually setting the -N parameter of mke2fs -t ext4 according to guesses or looking at df -i output creates much less inodes for a given size of a file system. Filesystem creation ...
PoC's user avatar
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How to make changes on the system disk [duplicate]

I want to change the short-name of some system folders in Win10: fsutil file setshortname "C:\Program Files" "Progs64" This must be performed on another computer, as the short ...
xarx's user avatar
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High kernel CPU usage from CcUnpinRepinnedBcb

"System" regularly takes 100% CPU on one core of my PC, so a little over 6% total on average. This causes some extra heating and battery usage. In trying to figure out why, I checked the ...
Brad's user avatar
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linux + wipe a signature from a device not succeeded

we have the following file system. from lsblk -f sdb LVM2_member uMrU0b-6F3l-M9Ue-LPsf-kd6n-5l4m-WfxaRQ └─DB_vg-DB_lv xfs a800d759-c8c7-4e7e-86d5-3d6a06123465 ...
King David's user avatar
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Where can I get or see the Clipboard images and text in Windows 11? [duplicate]

I am aware that ``Windows + V" Brings up the Clipboard History. But I want to know where in the files are those images saved. Where can I directly access and see those images? Is there a specific ...
Juan De Castro's user avatar
1 vote
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Linux won't boot with f2fs

I recently had a hardware failure and replaced by old HDD with an SSD. Therefore I used f2fs for my root partition. But now I am unable to boot properly due to fsck failure. I keep getting the ...
walderich's user avatar
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How could a question mark have got into a filename?

I have a Windows application, which contains a feature where users can upload files (usually scanned documents or PDF file from a USB thumb drive), and the data along with the filename is stored in a ...
komodosp's user avatar
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Why am I getting "Partition 3 does not start on physical sector boundary" warning with this setup?

On a fresh install of Proxmox 8.1, fdisk -l is warning "Partition 3 does not start on physical sector boundary". This is unexpected to me, because the start of the partition is 2099200, ...
brendanw999's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can I restore a Windows 95 MBR using a Windows XP installation disk?

If I have Windows 95 installed on a temporary, secondary, FAT32 drive (which needs to go back into its original machine), can I repair its MBR using a Windows XP installation CD ROM?
kackle123's user avatar
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How to get ZFS working on Alpine Linux 3.18?

According to this tutorial, all I need do is install the zfs and zfs-lts packages, issue a modprobe zfs and I'm good to go. Not so much. Having created a pool and a couple of datasets, I rebooted the ...
Sod Almighty's user avatar
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Command to unlock "Locked" files on macOS Sonoma

In the end I manage to delete a .plist file from MacOS Sonoma recovery but when I reboot it keeps appearing again. Why does this happen and how do I solve it to eliminate it permanently? chflags ...
Héctor Gutiérrez's user avatar
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FileSystemWatcher does not react to changes in excel file

I am trying to create a systemFileWatcher that watches a specific excel file for any changes. When triggered it should runs a few commands, logs the activity and then continues watching. However, for ...
Orange Pukeko's user avatar
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ubuntu filesystem display names in df -hT

I have an older linux system that has a certain file structure that we need for a program we use. im building a new ubuntu server to take over for the older one and im trying to make the filesystem ...
G. G.'s user avatar
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Where exactly does the root directory exist in the linux filesystem?

In Windows each drive has a letter and file paths start with a drive letter. so my home directory is inside C:\Users. In linux the OS is installed into the main partition which is say /dev/sda1 which ...
Juliana Restrepo's user avatar
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Is it possible to have an exFAT partition inside an ISO file?

I'm using an USB 2.0 Stick with 16GB of storage and I have an installer ISO which is 2.8GB. When flashing this ISO to the stick I notice that the speed is very slow (5 minutes) compared to copying the ...
silvio2402's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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Create a folder with a name ending with a dot on a NTFS volume in Linux

On Windows, the win32 API seemingly disallows a directory name to end in a dot (.) but according to several questions asked in that direction (e.g. link1, link2), the solution on windows is to specify ...
antiplex's user avatar
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A an inexplicable difference between the sum size of files on Local Disk C and its Used space attribute [duplicate]

I am cleaning my old laptop running Windows 11 Pro. I noticed a detail which does not make sense to me, hence my inquiry. When select all top-level files in Local Disk C and right-click, then click ...
God bless's user avatar
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20 votes
6 answers
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Why did PC users need partitions in the 1980s

I'm currently working on research related to the history of file systems. Apparently the Master Boot Record was introduced with MS-DOS 2 in 1983, which was also the first DOS that supported hard disks....
Evert's user avatar
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How to sync filesystem and wait until it's done

On my embedded device, I want to let user export logs on plugged USB disk. USB disk is normally used only to read, so I don't care much about safe unmounting. But when logs are stored to it, I need to ...
Thugmek's user avatar
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Why does "nautilus"(Gnome FIles) gives me so smaller size of directory, compared with "du"?

I have compressed a folder and if I right click in the folder and click properties, I get from nautilus (Gnome Files) but instead if I run du (from the branches parent directory): $ du -sh * 292M ...
allexj's user avatar
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How to get the total actual number of inodes for file system?

In the Linux terminal I can do df -i to show how the inodes are allocated. That is explicitly not what I need. What is the terminal command needed to reveal how many inodes are available to the file ...
John's user avatar
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1 vote
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How to investigate ext4 filesystem going read-only (no hardware errors reported)?

I have two separate systems experiencing what appears to be the same issue: "Desktop" - i7-7700K, ASUS Prime Z270-A, Ubuntu 22.04. Kernel 5.15.0-94-generic. "Server" - NUC8i3BEH, ...
Ilmiont's user avatar
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Linux - What causes processes to block aka "disk sleep" on synchronous writes?

...as in, for example using dd to dump an ISO image to a thumb drive, or such. At the end of the transfer, the process doing the (afaik synchronous) write is left in 'disk sleep' status for several ...
delt's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is it possible to recover files on NTFS after writing to the same directory?

I've accidentally deleted a couple of .tex and .pdf files. The files were stored under C:\Users\Name\Desktop\notes on my laptop's SSD. I'm using a Windows 11 Pro. It seems like this happened about a ...
nocomment's user avatar
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1 answer
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Rescuing data from HFS+ backup?

I recently learned about the "pitfalls" of using HFS+ when backing up data. I backed up a Time Machine drive a couple of months ago. I just used rsync to do so. So now I have a copy of it on ...
datafan's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
47 views

NUL characters appear at the end of some files sometimes

Since I am using Synology to backup my files and sync them between devices, I sometimes get NUL characters at the end of my files and sometimes 2 or 3 lines are deleted randomly at the end of the file....
ihaveaquestion's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
180 views

How to identify file by "File Record Segment"?

How to actually identify files by "File Record Segment" addresses as reported by chkdsk? There was a blackout and my drives' filesystems were corrupted, the hardware and operating system ...
Ξένη Γήινος's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to see all files affected by chkdsk?

A few weeks ago my home lost power while my computer is on. Recently I have encountered some problems. So I did a full system check, I used SeaTools for Windows and all drives passed S.M.A.R.T check, ...
Ξένη Γήινος's user avatar
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1 answer
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Breaking down e2fsck

Is e2fsck -cc equivalent to badblocks -nsv -o badblocks.txt; e2fsck -L badblocks.txt? If so, could I potentially speed up the testing by getting badblocks to do a destructive read-write test? Like ...
Dani's user avatar
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0 answers
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Why might Node be unable to read multiple upper case files in a Windows directory?

I have a problem related to a software development library called typescript-eslint, but seems to actually be an issue with Windows (specifically, reading files from a drive). What's interesting is ...
Nick Bolton's user avatar
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Linux mounted VFAT filesystem shows semicolon-asciicode for some uppercase letters

The disk is listed as follows: $ sudo fdisk -l /dev/sdd Disk /dev/sdd: 298.09 GiB, 320072933376 bytes, 625142448 sectors Disk model: USB 2.5"-HDD Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector ...
zormit's user avatar
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1 answer
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Files Encrypted when transfered from Mac to windows

We discovered that files transferred from Macs to a Windows server are showing as encrypted. We no longer have some of the original Macs and when we try remove the encryption it says access denied. ...
DanS's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Having issues mounting raw disk image in OSX

I have received this disk image from a embedded linux device. I need to mount the image and check some files on it. This is what I have tried so far: > hdiutil attach -nomount ~/Downloads/dskimg....
somerandomusername's user avatar
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Filesystem to use on SSD for cross platform Linux Windows software development [duplicate]

I know the question "which cross os filesystem" has been asked again and again with ntfs being the go to, but I would like to determine which would be best for a specific use case. I'm a ...
RayfenWindspear's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
126 views

lvm: lvresize --resizefs does not read the request size in correctly

I am trying to resize a logical volume (as well as the filesystem contained on that volume) and am a little confused by the output of the lvresize command: # lvresize --resizefs -L 2T /dev/archive/...
aarondiel's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
297 views

How do I import ZFS pool from a crashed system?

I had one ZFS pool attached to a system that crashed. I was looking for ways to bring that pool to a new system however it looked like I need to use zfs export first, given I do not have access to the ...
yarun can's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
164 views

How to add Write Access on FAT32 USB drive? [duplicate]

I'm at my wits end here. I installed the Windows OS on my USB drive in order to install Windows on a brand new PC; for some reason this installation failed. Upon plugging in the USB to my (old) PC ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
394 views

How to mount BTRFS partition multiple times both using the same space allocation?

I’m new to BTRFS and am wondering if it’s possible to share the space of a single partition but mount it under multiple mount points? For example, I have a 1 TiB partition and want to share the same ...
Joe J's user avatar
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0 answers
49 views

What is the mechanism behind SD card's write-protection under MS Windows and how to deactivate it? [duplicate]

I have an SD card which I use in Canon EOS 700D camera. I cannot delete the files! I checked the basic things I know the operating system is using for this purpose: The physical lock on the side of ...
Tomas's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
710 views

Get the default cluster size for NTFS

I try to determine the default cluster size for NTFS. I check this table. The problem is when the size in the boundary, for example: 2 TB–16 TB: 4kb 16TB–32 TB: 8kb Then what will be the cluster size ...
alancc's user avatar
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0 answers
52 views

Trouble mounting SquashFS filesystem from TP-Link Deco M5 router firmware

Question I am new to reverse engineering and trying to retrieve the file system of a TP-Link Deco M5 router from its firmware. I have successfully extracted the SquashFS filesystem from the firmware ...
Its Anonymous Place's user avatar
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0 answers
38 views

No longer able to create or modify folder/file in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

I was making changes to an Excel file(.xlsx) in WPS in my Windows 10 partition, and tried saving it when I got the following dialog box that my file had suddenly changed to read-only mode, which is ...
Anurag 's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
129 views

NTFS get the MFT entry by the record id in $DATA attribute list

I'm trying to code a simple NTFS parser in C and in this video explains that in attribute list $DATA, there is a file record id, this is an unique id in the MFT table that identifies the entry, he ...
tttony's user avatar
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0 answers
24 views

Mount or sync an S3 versioned bucket with rewind - back in time

Assuming I have an S3 versioned bucket (backed by Ceph), I would like to restore from it at a specific time. mcli has a --rewind feature that allows some operations to time-travel into the past taking ...
Robert Cutajar's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
54 views

can Clear-Content be equivalent to bash 'truncate'?

This could be off-topic, if so my apologies; please re-direct me to the correct StackExchange site.😉 Can Clear-Content file.log be used in Powershell, on a Windows Server environment to empty a ...
WobblyWindows's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
50 views

How to differentiate between directories created manually and directories created by installed programs?

On my Ubuntu laptop, I want to differentiate between directories I created manually and directories created by programs that I install for coding purposes (in Python). I have searched a lot, but it ...
selmanioui's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
156 views

Partitions on a TF card are not working as expected; third partition is not seen

I want to create three partition in a new brand TF card (not micro SD), but I can't sort it out! What I did up to now: create a disk partition table fdisk -l /dev/sdd Disco /dev/sdd: 250 GiB, ...
seirov's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
271 views

How to test for ext4 Partition? Not ext4 Filesystem

using: neofetch --stdout |grep 'OS:' OS: Kubuntu 22.04.3 LTS x86_64 Start Update Question due to someone deleted information: No interest in testing for ext4 Filesystem. lsblk -n -o FSTYPE /dev/sdb1 ...
joseph22's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
93 views

How to determine what script is deleting files in Linux?

I run a Plex Media Server (PMS) on a ubuntu 22.04 system. There's been no update to the PMS libraries for a while, and I recently started adding a few movies to the collection. But what I've found ...
Dennis 's user avatar
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0 answers
77 views

Is there something like a read-write ISO file, to package folders as mountable single files? [duplicate]

I often have projects that consist of many thousands of extremely small files. It's terribly inefficient to move these around or send them to people as individual files, and inconvenient to be ...
GreenTriangle's user avatar

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