Questions tagged [filesystems]

A file system is the specification of how files in a computer should be stored, named and organized. This tag should be used for generic file system questions. For specific file system questions (FAT, NTFS, ext4, ...) use the appropriate tag instead.

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How to implement the quota size which can be modified later in samba?

I want to give quotas for individual shares, such that I can also modify the quota size in future. I tried doing this using this https://superuser.com/a/976714 answer. Problem is file modified using ...
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How to rename multiple files with thier equivalent containg folders names [closed]

How to rename multiple files in multiple folders with the same names of their equivalent containing folder names in an easy way. I mean If I have a hierarchy like this: Folder--->| |-...
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Why do some applications have to ask for permission to access directories, and some not? [closed]

On MacOS, if one application tries to access a specific directory, lets say /User/Documents, it has to ask the user for permission. However, some applications do not. Let's assume that i set the ...
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How to deny all permissions except read & execute to a folder for a user, using 'icacls' command?

We would like to change the permission of the folder which currently has full permission to a user with the parent inheritance with the full permission. I would like to apply 'Deny' permission to the ...
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node.js app symlink relative path resolution

I have a node.js application that lays under /opt/myapp. There is a folder called "plugins" (/opt/myapp/plugins). In the plugins folder (oh wonder) are stored plugins that are loaded on ...
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Why is Securely Erasing SSD done so instantly?

https://dellwindowsreinstallationguide.com/use-of-parted-magic-to-securely-wipe-a-ssd-hssd-or-hdd/ according to the above article, the ATA erase command, performed by third party tools like parted ...
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prevent files in mounted WIM images from being marked as sparse

I captured a image via dism /Capture-Image /Compress:max /CheckIntegrity /Verify /NoRpFix /EA /CaptureDir:D:\ /ImageFile:image.wim /Name:image. After mounting the image via dism /Mount-Image /...
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Are /var/mail/root and /var/spool/mail/root hardlinks for the same inode?

Just found out this: # diff /var/mail/root /var/spool/mail/root # (nothing) # ls -i /var/mail/root /var/spool/mail/root 1284 /var/mail/root 1284 /var/spool/mail/root Same content, same 1284 inode ...
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Continuous Open-File-Handle Monitoring in Unix

In Unix do you know of a way to do continuous open-file-handle monitoring? I know of lsof, which has a maximum sampling rate of 1s. However, I'm looking to do the exact same thing except continuously, ...
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Import/transfer DRBD drive into another system

I have a 6TB drive of unknown origin that contains a DRBD partition. I would like to verify the contents of the drive but have no idea how to mount the DRBD partition. I'm am not familiar with DRBD ...
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What file types can a chromebook run?

Considering that on my school chromebook, (.exe, .targz, .rar, etc) file types cannot be run, i want to know what filetypes the apps are from in the playstore, since i do not have direct access to ...
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SD Card as a long term archive media using redundancy of data

For me, the chief fear of using SD cards for backup is reliability rather than storage capacity. SD cards are known to offer relatively high storage for little expense, compared to CDs and DVDs. ...
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I have a Windows 10 Inspiron 7559 and it's running slow at start up and doesn't allow me to click on anything how can I fix this issue

I just recently picked the interest of working on computers. I currently own a Windows 10 Inspiron 7559 but when I first boot it up everything freezes and I can't click on anything even I plug in ...
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Mounting NTFS in Linux vs. mounting EXT4 in Windows

Is there any particular reason, why modern Linux based OSes are able to create and mount NTFS natively, while Windows just straight-up doesn't support "Linux-filesystems" like ext2/3/4 and ...
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file system permissions for samba share

I have an issue with file system permissions when using samba on my raspi. It worked previously, then it stopped working. I suspect something with the file system. It is about the folder /media/usb/...
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Virtualbox not detecting vdi file

I recently moved my vms from another drive to main drive and when I tried to add them again instead of the VDI file I am met with nothing. In the actual directory there is the vdi file.
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How do I write to a USB drive formatted as ext4 in Windows 11?

I have an SD card formatted as ext4 for use with SteamOS and EmuDeck. I want to add files to this SD card from my Windows 11 PC using a SD to USB adapter. Most of the the ext4 programs I've found ...
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Windows support for discard operation of disk drives

Calling a discard operation by a file system to hardware storage is important for both optimal lifespans of solid-state drives and space reclamation of thin-provisioned virtual drives. Information ...
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Track from which computers a file has been saved

Is there any way to track from which computer (username) a certain file has been modified? From right click > Properties > Details you can see the creator of the file, but I would like to see ...
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How to use a SSD as cache on Windows Server?

I have Windows Server 2022 2xHDD and 2xNVMe Can I use NVMe like cache? Maybe Storage Spaces or other app? I want to use half of NVMe space directly for VMs and half of NVMe space for cache of HDD. ...
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Captured image from a Windows Installation Media using PowerISO contains "System Volume Information"

So, I have a modified Windows 11 Installation media flashed into my USB drive (actually just the vanilla Windows 11 ISO that I selected for no TPM/no SecureBoot/no RAM requirements using Rufus). I ...
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Can't uninstall Riot vanguard

When I go to control panel>programs>programs and features, Riot Vanguard is there. When I click to uninstall it asks if I want to allow windows to change things on this device. When I click yes ...
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Is it worth switching from NTFS to ZFS or Btrfs to prevent silent data corruption?

I have 4 external hard drives. Two of them are formatted to ext4 because I was a linux user, and the rest two to NTFS. I read somewhere that data on hard drives would be corrupted before we knew it, ...
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How to copy a list of file creation dates from a Windows File Explorer to a spreadsheet

I have a data capture computer that uses Windows. In one directory I have many files captured during an experiment at various times. There are several hundred. The windows File Explorer enables you to ...
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How do I find out why I am getting the blue screen of freeze (not death)

I get a blue screen with "Just a moment" and a circular animation in two places. It lasts about 10 minutes and then windows carries on as normal. Except that all file explorer windows are ...
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Choosing the right file system for Windows and macOS

I currently store my files (images, documents, ...) on a server at home and access them from my Windows PC via a network share with NFS. Since some time ago I also have a Mac. From my Mac I also can ...
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What went wrong? All files gone (BTRFS)

I am running an Ubuntu server 20.xx.x LTS since 2019 with some drives mounted as a BTRFS raid drive. I have never had any issues. Earlier this summer I went to another country and didn't need the ...
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Windows 10 Folder Structure Or Hierachy

I am a noob at all means, but somehow it is possible to imagine how Linux folder structure looks like - even without having seen one. It all starts out from the root! But even after having used ...
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Default windows hidden files systems

During my learning of how named pipes works inside Windows, I've found this explanation : Every pipe is placed in the root directory of the named pipe filesystem (NPFS), mounted under the special ...
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Does CHKDSK have any volume size limitations?

A colleague of mine mentioned he thinks CHKDSK, since it's so old, probably doesn't support very large target volumes. For example, if you wanted to run CHKDSK on a single, super large volume like say,...
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Are files without extension dangerous?

I recently run a test with Bitdefender and there were several encrypted files that it could not check. All of them in were in APO.zip files which were contained in another Zip files. Some of them were ...
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"RAID 1"-like network filesystem or synchronization

I would like to have a network filesystem (and/or synchronization setup) that behaves roughly like RAID 1 mirroring works for hard drives: Copies of every file are kept on every host, so that if you ...
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How to copy png file with text editor?

How do I copy a png file with text editor on Windows? When I open a file with text editor and copy and paste the contents into a new file, the new file is corrupted and unopenable. How is this file ...
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Filesystem still has errors

I tried to repair filesystem in my Linux machine with sudo fsck -y /dev/sda but it took too much time and I got error, the error is something about EXT4, so I have an USB in which there is the Kali ...
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How to change the group of a file generated by my python codes on Linux server?

I belong to multiple groups (AAA, BBB, CCC, and etc.) on a Linux server. And I wrote a python code that generates a file on the server. When generated, this file belongs to group AAA, by default. But ...
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Missing File Structure [duplicate]

A user let someone into their computer (due to scam). They changed the users password. We removed the hard drive from the computer to connect to an external docking station. In command prompt we ...
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Want to figure out which process (pid) is deleting a file on Mac OS X

I have a weird issue where files are being deleted from my /tmp folder, sometimes in as little as 5 minutes from creation. Doesn't appear to be the standard clean-tmps part of the periodic scheduler ...
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False disk usage report on a btrfs root partition

I checked my disk usage using btrfs filesystem df / and it shows high disk usage like so However I am 100% certain that I actually use 72.8GB as shown on filelight. I tried sudo btrfs balance start -...
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Windows template for changing name of moved file (when same already exists)

I have 2 folders: from folder and to folder. In each of these, I have a file named TEST.txt. When I move TEST.txt from from folder to to folder — surely, this message appears: In my case, I want ...
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How to modify search order for ALL folders

what I mean by this is when you right-click in a folder, there is an option "More" By default, the only time-based sorting is Date Modified which takes very long, sometimes half a minute and ...
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Why do some FAT32 / ExFAT formatted USB pen drives only work in Windows?

I've come across several USB drives that don't work in Mac computers at all (I've tested on 3 Mac computers, so it's not a problem with the USB ports in a particular Mac machine). No drive appears in ...
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Hot Swapped Hard Drives in Windows, Now Windows Reports the Drive as RAW

I have a quick release hard drive bay in my W10 PC so I can easily swap hard drives. When swapping them out, Windows will never seem to recognize the new replacement hdd. I have to open Computer ...
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How can I tell when FFMPEG is done writing a file?

Given an input video, input.mp4, the following command produces an out folder containing a bunch of HLS video segments and m3u8 playlist files for a number of resolutions: ffmpeg -hide_banner -y -i ...
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How to avoid non contiguous directories

This question came from this other question. I'm currently seeing some performance issues in my disks, and the stats shown between 16-43% of directories non-contiguous, and 0.42-13% files non-...
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How do I get my files back from my desktop?

First I changed the downloads location to the desktop. And then, in the desktop I made a file called "downloadsss" Then I changed the downloads location to "downloadsss" and agreed ...
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Super slow Ext4 directory traverse

I'm currently working on a system that stores files in EXT4 partitions in large disk (10 TiB and 16 TiB ones). All disks are connected via SATA to an HBA (Dell PERC H310). The file structure is like ...
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How to reset all Attributes to default only for folders in windows?

yesterday i merged two drive (D: empty and E: my data) with the EASEUS partition master in WinPE. but it failed and then i realized that 70% of my data was moved to a folder (D:\Local Disk ...
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Is there any way to find out if the file is being scanned by antivirus?

I wonder if there is any indirect way to find out if a certain file is being frequently scanned by antivirus installed on the server?
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Linux + what are the preferred options in order to resolve inodes that reached 100%

we have RHEL machine , and from df -i , we can see that some partitions are with 100% ( about inodes ) , in spite by df -h we have space Note - disks are VMDK disks df -h /dev/sdc ...
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Fix corrupted ntfs drive to save files [duplicate]

i have a ntfs drive that i often use on a mac, so i was trying to make it writable and followed several online tips. inside etc/fstab/ there was a line LABEL=Untitled none ntfs rw,auto,nobrowse but ...

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