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Questions tagged [firmware]

In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a term often used to denote the fixed, usually rather small, programs and/or data structures that internally control various electronic devices.

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libcurl not upgrading POST requests to HTTP/2 on OpenWrt

When I compile an OpenWrt image with make menuconfig, I am checking the libcurl box and then checking the box to add HTTP/2 support, and making sure that the nghttp2 library is also checked. In my ...
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What's the best OS for removing rootkits? specifically firmware rootkits and windows registry rootkits. [duplicate]

I fjnally got financial to return to school after waitjng 3 years. 10 days before the last class of fall 1, i got hit with rootkits that took over my workstation/gaming PC and my laptop for school. ...
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30 views

Can Linux boot on ARM without firmware?

I am using bootwrapper aarch64 and Linux on a ARM verstaile express board and not able to understand who plays the role of Firmware ? I have seen on another varients where UEFI and ARM trusted ...
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1answer
35 views

How to perform TPM firmware upgrade on latest Windows 10?

I have several HP desktops running latest Windows 10 and requiring a TPM firmware upgrade (sp82407.exe) to fix last year's faulty Infineon crypto vulnerability. The updater requires the TPM to be ...
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37 views

Installing BIOS updates on a Lenovo Yoga 11e

I have a Yoga 11e running Linux. I'd like to install a BIOS update, which Lenovo provides here as a "bootable cd" image. I haven't seen an actual optical drive for probably a decade, so I tried ...
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0answers
119 views

Flash firmware on a Micron OEM SSD (P400m)

I have a 100 GB Micron P400m SSD from an EMC VMAX array. The sector size is 520 or 528 bits. I can identify the drive with everything via the tools from Micron, but it refuses to download the firmware ...
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1answer
128 views

When does the Samsung 840 EVO SSD firmware EXT0DB6Q trigger the automatic refreshing of cells?

With firmware EXT0DB6Q for Samsung 840EVO (SATA) SSDs "The firmware update does its own periodic refreshing of data, to eliminate the “stale data” issue" (the quote is from page 2) The article titled ...
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1answer
197 views

My TP-Link (TL-WA701ND) Bricked

Welcome everyone, Today I was working to restore my access point TL-WA701ND to its original firmare from DD-WRT after taking the right steps my access point LEDs ar blinking (four LEDs at once except ...
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4answers
489 views

Run EFI files/scripts from [boot, virtual media] ISO

Most vendors recently provide servers firmware updates only as set of EFI files (example). But their servers internal (also as any external) IP-KVM can connect only ISO images as boot virtual media. ...
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2answers
162 views

Why does D-Link's site not have firmware for the DIR-615 M1 router?

I'm on a network with a D-Link 615 router, with hardware version M1, firmware revision 1.0.0. I wanted to update the router to a new firmware revision, so I visited the official page for DIR-615 on D-...
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35 views

TP-Link Archer C9 shows empty data in advanced dashboard

I'm not sure if it is the right place to ask it, but I could not find much more information on the web about this issue. So, recently I bought a new wi-fi router for my home and I am pretty happy with ...
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I bricked my flash drive with u3-tool. Is it fixable?

I was playing around with the linux command line tool u3-tool to mess with a flash drive. This tool lets you do firmware level things to flash drives that support it. One option was u3-tool -e which ...
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1answer
133 views

DHCP not functioning after wireless router firmware update

I own an ASUS RT AC1200 wireless router that has been working wonderfully for 1.5 years. Last night I was fiddling with the settings via the control panel (accessible through http://router.asus.com) ...
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1answer
51 views

How does Windows 10 determine if a driver update should cause restart?

I am using Windows 10. In my Device Manager, I have several Device Firmware listed under the Firmware node. I created a dummy device firmware driver for them. Then I assign the dummy driver a ...
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1answer
43 views

Broadband firmware upgrade [closed]

My broadband- MTNL My ISP- MTNL When I enter my public ip address in google search, it opens some site after entering default username and password. When I tried to update my firmware, I got stuck. ...
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1answer
124 views

How to upgrade firmware on old HP JetDirect server?

I have a HP LaserJet 2100tn network printer which contains an embedded JetDirect J3111A LAN printing server. I am trying to update the firmware from version G.05.35 to the latest, which is G.08.49. ...
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1answer
89 views

System boot with CD/DVD

I am reading a book, learning about how booting in computer works. One of the snippets in book mentions about how firmware proceeds with boot process while booting a computer. Some context on what i ...
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0answers
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Slow boot time due to firmware delay

A couple days ago I installed Linux Mint Cinnamon GUI as a third party package. I'm running linux-4.15.0-15-generic. My systemd-analyze looks like this. Startup finished in 42.849s (firmware) + 5....
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1answer
346 views

TPM Firmware Update, Backup and Clearing

Windows defender is telling me "a firmware update is needed for your security processor (TPM)", i did some searching and found out basically how to update and clear the tpm, but it gave me a warning ...
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0answers
318 views

“Preparing automatic repair” loop and SSD “not migrated”

A Windows 10 PC goes in "Preparing automatic repair loop" when a secondary SSD is connected. Once Windows could start (not every time), the SSD isn't shown between "This PC" drives. Looking in Disk ...
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1answer
1k views

Paswordless public key-based SSH login on router with Asus Merlin firmware

I'm trying to enable passwordless SSH login on my ASUS RT-AC68U home router which runs version 384.4_2 of Asuswrt-Merlin firmware (the most recent one at the time of posting this). Having read many ...
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2answers
490 views

How to get wifi ath10k/QCA6174 running on pureOS?

I installed pureOS, but couldn't get my Qualcomm wifi (ath10k/QCA6174) working. I found out that there are ways to make it work on other distros. However, Purism states that some Qualcomm wifi chips ...
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1answer
648 views

Dell Type C Dock WD15 has Blinking Monitor

Dell has a knowledge base article addressing this blinking monitor problem. It is about updating drivers and flashing the firmware of the dock. I have two problems with the instructions in that ...
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786 views

Advanced Tomato (Shibby) adblock whitelist doesn't work

I'm using Advanced Tomato (ver. 3.5-140), which is based on Shibby Tomato, on my Linksys E4200 router. The adblock function works, but the whitelist doesn't. When I add an url to the whitelist and ...
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1answer
230 views

How to restore the original firmware on D-link DI-514 router?

I bought a used D-link DI-514 router and it had some problems, and the reset button on it seems not to be working. I tried to update its firmware but something went wrong, now I can't even access 192....
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1answer
1k views

Unable to execute “TPM 1.2 Update” on Ubuntu (XPS 13 9350): This TPM is Owned

My Ubuntu 17.10 is showing a TPM Update (1.2, 5.81.0.0 -> 5.81.2.1) for a couple of weeks or months now but when I restart the machine it's unable to execute the firmware update successfully. Error: ...
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1answer
4k views

How to update samsung's SSD firmware?

I'm having problems with my SSD (samsung 850 PRO) on linux so I wanted to update the firmware. I reinstalled windows and downloaded the magician software. It recognizes my SSD, I can run some ...
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0answers
237 views

SP Flash tool COM port grayed

I am trying to flash my GT08 watch, but I have a problem with recognizing COM ports in SP Flash Tool I have MTK drivers installed for WIN10. I have tried debug mode via startup options. I have tried ...
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0answers
50 views

Arch Linux reset envs

I have a Seagate GoFlex Home NAS (SoC: Marvell Kirkwood) (hipserv2) running the stock firmware. What I wanted to type via SSH: fw_setenv --help What I accidentally typed: fw_setenv help It won't ...
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12answers
7k views

What exactly is microcode and how does it differ from firmware?

Insofar as terminology, what exactly is "microcode" and if it can be updated, how does it differ from firmware? This question is not a duplicate of this question (as far as I can tell) which I've ...
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802 views

How to revert to original firmware from lede?

I have a linksys wrt1900ac. I believe it is defective. I thought it might be the original firmware that was defective at first, but it was not. It is the hardware going from fast at startup to slow, ...
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1answer
283 views

OpenWRT on Teltonika RUT230/240

Is it possible, on either the Teltonika RUT230 or 240, to either install regular OpenWRT packages inside the routers' "RutOS" variant of OpenWRT, or, if not, to instead install vanilla OpenWRT ...
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1answer
577 views

Install custom firmware for Modem

I have a Netgear DGN1000v3 Modem + Router. I want to flash the in built firmware with one that provides me more control over the device. From what I read around in websites I came to know that ...
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1answer
131 views

Gigabyte Z170X Firmware Update without Windows

I have a Gigabyte Z170X Ultra Gaming motherboard, and I want to Check if there is a firmware update available (I have version F22) Install the firmware update if available But I'm running Linux, and ...
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1answer
749 views

How do you get out of MrChromebox FW and back into Chrome OS?

I really need to know how to exit out of UEFI BIOS by MrChromebox. I don't like it and I need it to be deactivated. I can't power wash the chromebook or reset it. I can't even figure out how to reset ...
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1k views

How-To make Non-HP Drives (HDD + SSD + NVMe) in Gen 9 ProLiant Servers Work?

I recently purchased and deployed both a brand new HP ML350 Gen9 and a DL360 Gen9. All HP-brand SAS and SATA HDD's and SSD's (and NVMe SSD's as the ML350 has a 6 disk NVMe SSD drive cage) work ...
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0answers
2k views

ASUS RT-N18U router - firmware restore trouble

I have an ASUS RT-N18U router, which I need to have the original firmware restored. I follow the instructions of this website: https://byndthwll.com/2016/05/04/revert-back-to-stock-firmware-on-asus-...
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1answer
132 views

How do I recover an iPaq that is stuck in “RUU Download Mode”?

I recently received a second-hand HP IPaq 114 (in working order). When I tried to update its firmware using the HP upload utility (SP38992), the device changed to "RUU Download Mode" but the uploader ...
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0answers
256 views

Has Linksys never released firmware updates for WRT54GS except for v3?

I have an old WRT54GS v1.1 router and thought I'd check if there were any firmware updates for it. After looking at Linksys page for WRT54GS I was surprised to find the words "No firmware/driver ...
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1answer
137 views

Will installing Debian firmware affect Windows 10?

My PC dual-boots both Windows 10 and Debian. I would like to install firmware-linux-nonfree so that I can use 3D acceleration and change the screen brightness from Debian. I'm following the ...
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0answers
314 views

How to disable or remove Intel SMM?

I have successfully removed Intel ME from the firmware by reflashing the BIOS using corna's tool: https://github.com/corna/me_cleaner However I am still concerned about SMM. Intel ME and AMT ...
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3answers
106 views

Is it possible to gain read access to HDD firmwares to check its integrity?

Is it possible to gain read access to HDD firmware to check if the integrity of the firmware is intact in case of suspected firmware infection in some way on GNU/Linux? Like I can see my HDD firmware ...
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0answers
146 views

Can I get or make a stock Netgear firmware image for flashing with tftp?

I have a Netgear WN604 access point and I would like to flash stock firmware to it using its TFTP recovery mode. The firmwares are provided by Netgear as zip files containing embedded tar files, ...
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1answer
79 views

Is Acer Aspire Recovery equivalent to External Flashing?

Is the Acer Aspire Recovery method (Fn+Esc) equivalent to externally flashing the BIOS? What I am asking is that for example if the BIOS were write protected you could not flash it via a software ...
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0answers
540 views

How to back up router firmware before flashing

I have just bought a TP-Link TL-WR841N router and would like to flash it with a different firmware, e.g. openwrt. I would like to do the same with an old router I do not use any more. Question: Is ...
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1answer
372 views

Hardware needs non-free firmware files to operate

I started installing Debian on my laptop, and it showed that I have missing firmware. Some of your hardware needs non-free firmware files to operate. Those are: ath10/pre-cal-pci-0000:03:00.0....
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1k views

how to install firmware for Sharp MX-264N MFP printer

I have been trying to install a firmware for the Sharp mfp model stated but don't know where to start. Need help from any expert here. The original sd card containing the firmware has failed and I ...
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1answer
988 views

Doing firmware update on a Cisco modem+router DPC2320

I have DPC2320 Cisco modem+Router. I want to do a firmware upgrade. How could I do that? I am really clueless. *Note: I have tried to connect router to my laptop using rj45 to rj45 cable, and try to ...
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3answers
514 views

Are modern drives able to be low-level reformatted by an end user or is this strictly a factory OEM process?

As is well known, modern HDDs (think 4 to 8TB SAS/SATA) are low level formatted by the manufacturer before sale, ready to hold data. "Reformatting" usually just means clearing the user data content ...
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46 views

Laptop battery drains really fast after firmware update. 10 hours life to 2.5 hours

An automatic update on my windows laptop happened the morning of July 25. I believe the update was: 2017-06 Update for Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems (KB4022405). It stated that the ...