Questions tagged [linux]

A family of Unix-like operating systems using the Linux kernel. If your question is about a certain distribution only, use a more specific tag.

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89
votes
10answers
24k views

Cross-platform file system

I would like my external drives to be readable and writable from Linux, Mac OS X and Windows. FAT32 works, but the 4 GB file size limit is a showstopper these days. Are there any alternatives?
32
votes
8answers
13k views

Booting Linux off USB pendrives

Booting a Linux system off USB Pendrives is one of my favorite things. On a laptop we have the following advantages, The Harddisk can be shutdown and that reduces power consumption (hdparm) The ...
67
votes
15answers
294k views

How to recover a removed file under Linux?

By accident, I used rm on a file I didn't want to delete. Is there a way that I can get it back under Linux?
17
votes
1answer
21k views

Shutdown Windows 10 truly for a dual booting system

It seems that "Shut down" in Windows 10 actually means "Shut down and hibernate". This has caused my NTFS partitions cannot be automatically loaded on Linux (Ubuntu 16.04) on my dual-booting laptop. ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Uses of single-partition disk configuration

I see in my company's IT installations that there are numerous disks with one partition occupying all of the space on disk. There is typically something like a /dev/sdb with a partition /dev/sdb1, and ...
140
votes
4answers
161k views

Finding the process that is using a certain port in Linux

I'd like to be able to find out which process is currently using a certain port in Linux. Is there any way to do this?
16
votes
3answers
30k views

Clone only space in use from hard disk

Can I use dd, rsync, clonezilla or any tool to clone only space in use in my hard disk in Linux? I need to do a backup from a 1 TB HD (with only 2 GB space in use) into a 500 GB HD.
331
votes
21answers
379k views

How do I detach a process from Terminal, entirely?

I use Tilda (drop-down terminal) on Ubuntu as my "command central" - pretty much the way others might use GNOME Do, Quicksilver or Launchy. However, I'm struggling with how to completely detach a ...
32
votes
1answer
188k views

How can I add Linux to the new Windows 8 boot manager?

Which OSes can be put into the new bootloader that Windows 8 provides? It seems to be quite pretty and consistent with the rest of the new Windows 8 design, so it would be cool to put Linux (Ubuntu) ...
331
votes
7answers
154k views

What is the difference between executing a Bash script vs sourcing it?

What is the difference between executing a Bash script like A and sourcing a Bash script like B? A > ./myscript B > source myscript
48
votes
11answers
71k views

Batch convert encoding in files

How can I batch-convert files in a directory for their encoding (e.g. ANSI → UTF-8) with a command or tool? For single files, an editor helps, but how can I do the mass files job?
30
votes
3answers
110k views

Can two users simultaneously share one pc

It's easy to have multiple user accounts on one computer and even switch between accounts without logging off. It is also possible to have more than one display connected to a single computer. Is it ...
133
votes
16answers
164k views

Linux utility for finding the largest files/directories [closed]

I'm looking for a program to show me which files/directories occupy the most space, something like: 74% music \- 60% music1 \- 14% music2 12% code 13% other I know that it's possible in KDE3, but ...
124
votes
17answers
141k views

How to delete all files in a directory except some?

I need to delete all files in a directory, but exclude some of them. For example, in a directory with the files a b c ... z, I need to delete all except for u and p. Is there an easy way to do this?
131
votes
13answers
440k views

How to check the health of a hard drive

My SATA drive started clicking and I was unable to access the data. It was not clicking loudly though, like a drive that has already gone bad. After tightening the connections to the hard drive, it ...
261
votes
16answers
210k views

How to reliably keep an SSH tunnel open?

I use an SSH tunnel from work to go around various idotic firewalls (it's ok with my boss :)). The problem is, after a while the ssh connection usually hangs, and the tunnel is broken. If I could at ...
212
votes
9answers
408k views

How do I find out what version of Linux I'm running?

Is there a way to determine what version (distribution & kernel version, I suppose) of Linux is running (from the command-line), that works on any Linux system?
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Make grub keep its default boot under kernel updates

I dual-boot my machine and I want it to default to boot into windows so that whenever I restart the machine remotely from my home it will be able to get back into Windows (instead of Ubuntu). The ...
33
votes
6answers
16k views

Where is the Linux Subsystem's filesystem located in Windows 10?

It's pretty clear that Windows' 10 "host" filesystem is mounted at /mnt/c/ from "Linux" perspective of view. But is it possible to get an access to "Linux" filesystem from Windows? If so, where it is?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

SSH disable port forward remotely instead of killing process on the server

I am making an automatic remote SSH port forward request from my device every few minutes: ssh -y -f -N -R port:localhost:22 user@server \ -o ExitOnForwardFailure=yes -o ServerAliveInterval=60 \ -o ...
231
votes
8answers
20k views

What do the parentheses and number after a Unix command or C function mean?

I keep seeing parentheses and a number after a command in Unix or Linux or C function. For example: man(8), ftok(2), mount(8), etc. What do these mean? I see them in man too.
135
votes
4answers
133k views

How do I get out my embedded Windows 8+ key from a Linux environment?

I have seen other SuperUser questions on this topic: How to find Windows 8 product key? | How to find Windows 8 OEM product key? However, all of the answers assume you have Windows 8 running. I've ...
74
votes
11answers
94k views

Automatically mount external drives to /media/LABEL on boot without a user logged in?

This question is similar, but kind of the opposite of what I want. I want external USB drives to be mounted automatically at boot, without anyone logged in, to locations like /media/<label>. I ...
45
votes
2answers
67k views

Can I create an SSH user which can access only certain directory?

I have a Virtual Private Server which I can connect to using SSH with my root account, being able to execute any linux command and access all the disk area, obviously. I would like to create another ...
29
votes
7answers
57k views

Can I boot Linux from a VHD?

Is there some way to boot a Linux system from a VHD in Windows 7? If there is a way, how do I put it there in the first place? EDIT: To clarify, I'm not trying to run Linux in a VM. I'm trying to ...
24
votes
4answers
33k views

How to correct 512-byte sector MBR on a 4096-byte sector disk?

Final update: I already knew what I needed to do to fix this problem; I just didn't know how to do it. I was hoping there would be some ready-made tool to do that automatically - but couldn't find any....
21
votes
7answers
44k views

How to move from one drive to another that's a different size?

I've run into this scenario a few time: I need to replace a drive because I need more space, it's having problems, moving to a new box, etc. What's the best way to copy data from one partition size ...
201
votes
7answers
247k views

Why does Ctrl + V not paste in Bash (Linux shell)?

When I copy something to the clipboard and press Ctrl + V in Bash, nothing happens; However, right clicking and selecting Paste does the job. Why? Is there any reasonable issue (I'm sure there is) ...
56
votes
6answers
278k views

How to reinstall GRUB2 EFI?

After successfully updating my bios, something went wrong and I ended up with a blinking cursor on the top left corner of a black screen. No errors, no nothing. The bios now only listed a SATA: <...
81
votes
6answers
301k views

How to access a BitLocker-encrypted drive in Linux?

I have a laptop running Windows 7 Ultimate. I have encrypted my drives using BitLocker. Now I have also installed Lubuntu along with Windows. But my encrypted drives are not visible in Linux. How ...
44
votes
9answers
61k views

How to extract text with OCR from a PDF on Linux?

How do I extract text from a PDF that wasn't built with an index? It's all text, but I can't search or select anything. I'm running Kubuntu, and Okular doesn't have this feature.
88
votes
12answers
445k views

PuTTY Network Error: Software caused connection abort

I have a strange problem: When I'm using PuTTY with SSH connecting to a Linux server hosted in VMware on my local Windows 7, I often get the error saying "Network error: Software caused ...
57
votes
7answers
35k views

How can I log all process launches in Linux?

I would like to get a log of all processes that are launched with the time that they were launched and the arguments they were launched with. Is this possible in Linux?
51
votes
6answers
36k views

Getting macro keys from a Razer BlackWidow to work on Linux

I picked up a Razer BlackWidow Ultimate that has additional keys meant for macros that are set using a tool that's installed on Windows. I'm assuming that these aren't some fancypants joojoo keys and ...
21
votes
6answers
54k views

Connect to Linux by name rather than IP

I'm new to Linux (currently running Ubuntu 10.04) and I have just finished setting up SSH access to my Linux Machine. Currently, I have to use ssh root@x.x.x.x to connect but would much rather be ...
36
votes
3answers
24k views

How to delete a file with a weird name?

I wrote a program that uses POSIX memory-mapping function (mmap) The program takes a file (a.dat) and memory-maps it for reading/writing. Due to errors in the program, every time I run the program a ...
12
votes
3answers
49k views

How to change user in WinSCP?

I'm using WinSCP to access Unix computers. How can I change user after I have logged into a Unix server using WinSCP? E.g. I have personal account in Unix computer A. I can log into this computer ...
10
votes
3answers
9k views

Is there any way to execute something when closing the laptop's lid?

I'm wondering if there is any way to execute a program, run some command or anything else when closing the laptop's lid. My question aims to be generic, both for Windows and Linux. Something useful ...
6
votes
4answers
13k views

How to detach ssh session without killing a running process?

I started a test filesystem resize on a server through ssh, but totally forgot to do that on a screen session. Now it is running, and my laptop has very slow internet. Is there any way that I can keep ...
9
votes
2answers
16k views

How can I get access to EXT2, EX3 and EXT4 partitions on Windows 7?

I tried all programs recommended to mount Linux partitions like EXT2 or EXT3 or even EXT4 but no one can do well on Windows 7 32 bit. I want to access read-write, is there a program that can do this?
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Bash terminal not wrapping text correctly [duplicate]

I am using the gnome-terminal with bash, and when I have a command that should go over the line, it just stays on the same line. So instead of: echo "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz" I would get ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How can I access my mini-pc (RaspberryPi / MK802 / Mele A1000 / VIA APC) via ethernet/wifi without having Monitor?

Soon I will be getting my own mini-PC (RaspberryPi / MK802 / Mele A1000 / VIA APC). But I was wondering whether is there any possibility that I can just power up and access my mini-pc's OS by ...
7
votes
4answers
133 views

Why does `find` in Linux skip expected results when `-o` is used?

Why in Linux (Debian 8) touch 1.cpp 1.h find . -name "*.cpp" -o -name "*.h" -exec echo {} \; outputs only 1.h while find . -name "*.cpp" -o -name "*.h" outputs both? Is it a bug or feature?
499
votes
9answers
54k views

Did I just get hacked?

I am developing a consumer product, and it is supposed to be connected to the Internet, so as expected, it is connected to the Internet so that I can properly develop it. I went away for an hour or ...
490
votes
38answers
380k views

How to execute a command whenever a file changes?

I want a quick and simple way to execute a command whenever a file changes. I want something very simple, something I will leave running on a terminal and close it whenever I'm finished working with ...
209
votes
8answers
669k views

How can I give write-access of a folder to all users in linux?

I installed apache2 on Ubuntu just now, and noticed that the /var/www folder is protected. I can just sudo everything but I would rather just give it write access. How can I do this? I tried sudo ...
412
votes
16answers
280k views

Reload a Linux user's group assignments without logging out

When assigning a user's secondary group list using: # usermod -G <grouplist> <user> is it possible to force this group assignment to take effect without logging out all running sessions? ...
153
votes
16answers
279k views

How to wipe free disk space in Linux?

When a file is deleted, its contents may still be left in the filesystem, unless explicitly overwritten with something else. The wipe command can securely erase files, but does not seem to allow ...
62
votes
7answers
52k views

How to use different network interfaces for different processes?

I have two network interfaces on a Linux PC, and I need to manually set the interface that a given process will use. The program (Twinkle softphone) does not have a similar option, so I believe that ...
48
votes
8answers
133k views

How to stop kernel messages from flooding my console?

I'm using Centos 6, rsyslog logging. Console is flooded with kernel messages. Klogd is not running (I'm using rsyslog) Rsyslog config does not direct anything to the console Even tried stopping ...

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