Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions regarding computer-specific terms and jargon. Make sure you show research effort and that your question can be objectively answered.

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Why Random Access Memory, RAM, called “Random Access”?

Mark Hahn, RAM is not random-access. It’s much more like disk, which has two-dimensional access, and an inherent block-size. Vikki Kinsella So in order to give you the correct answer, I'm going ...
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1answer
21 views

Is there a difference between the terms “inbound”, “incoming”, and “ingress”?

I see often those three terms (and even some others, but I do not remember them for now) used when it's about talking about a network interface or a network flow. Are those three interchangeable, or ...
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53 views

What is the info-thingy before the CLI cursor called?

So, in all command lines I've ever seen, there's a little info-thingy at the start of the line before the cursor. CMD just shows your current working directory: PowerShell does the same and also ...
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29 views

SMP machines using NUMA

In What Every Programmer Should Know About Memory U. Drepper says the following on p. 4: Commodity NUMA machines exist today and will likely play an even greater role in the future. It is expected ...
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What is the contemporary meaning of primary storage?

I've always associated the term "primary storage" with main memory, so memory which can be accessed directly by the CPU and its of the volatile type. The past few days I've been reading some technical ...
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What are the origins of “Download”, “upload”, “downstream”, “upstream”, and why are they respectively down or up?

I assume that the term download was coined first and then similar terms as upload, downstream, upstream followed. But why are servers up, while clients are down? Who coined (one of) these terms and ...
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3answers
152 views

Is a trackball a mouse? [closed]

The question is in regard to the devices found here: https://www.reddit.com/r/Trackballs/ Are they by definition computer mice? The mice I have seen have been designed with: Rollerball (ball on the ...
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2answers
114 views

If firmware is a CS concept, how is it defined?

I have a problem understanding the term firmware (as a type of software); If it is a CS concept, it might be good to ask about it here to get a formal definition and a correction for my mistake, as a ...
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1answer
116 views

What terms are used to classify SATA headers?

Background: I'm currently trying to replace a SATA header on a solid-state drive. It has a specific header format, and inadvertently buying the wrong one is a waste of time and money, so I'm ...
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1answer
427 views

ShellExView vs ShellMenuView

I'm unskilled with computers. Can someone please explain, like I'm 5 years old, the: differences between ShellExView and ShellMenuView? meanings of 'shell extensions' and 'static menu items'? This ...
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1answer
879 views

What is meant by “section name” in the symantec stuxnet analysis?

The blockquote below is found here on page 12 The dropper component of Stuxnet is a wrapper program that contains all of the above components stored inside itself in a section name “stub”. This ...
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64 views

Is “Dot Pitch” the distance between like-colored LEDs?

My understanding is that LEDs provide backlight in LED displays, while dot pitch is the distance between subpixels on the screen——these two are completely different concepts. But according to New ...
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36 views

Is there a specific terminology to describe a non refreshing background?

I was looking for an explanation to why this is occurring to a Windows 10 64 bit machine. But I could not find any result as I don't know what is the name of this effect, the terms I used were too ...
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2answers
668 views

How are multiple keystroke shortcuts called?

Do combinations of sequential keystrokes, like CTRL+R,Z have any specific name? The Wikipedia description does not call them anything: Some keyboard shortcuts, including all shortcuts involving ...
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2answers
193 views

Is it wrong to refer to the “~” character as the home directory path on Windows? [closed]

The tilde character ~ doesn't function as the home directory shortcut on Windows, unlike as on Unix systems. I've always used the character as the home path in written text for all operating systems ...
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1answer
178 views

What is the name of that metal stripe, which holds PCI cards?

What is the name of that metal stripe, which holds PCI cards?
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1answer
277 views

Why traceroute on Windows is named tracert - book that I am reading is claiming that there is some historical context

The book called "UNIX and Linux System Administration Handbook, 5th Edition" on a page about traceroute, in the footnote is saying that "Windows have it's own version, named tracert (special points on ...
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1answer
138 views

Is SQL Server's Telemetry CEIP “spyware”? [closed]

SQL Server has a process called Telemetry that is, opt-out closed-source tracks the user tracks usage patterns bundled with "desirable" software It's marketed as "Customer Experience Improvement ...
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2answers
206 views

What does Alpha and Beta mean? Can a piece of software be both? [closed]

I'm just wondering what it means to be alpha and beta? Can a piece of software be Alpha and Beta at the same time. Is there any standard that defines these terms? Can a piece of software always be ...
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28 views

What is correct terminology for commands? [duplicate]

I'm helping to develop a security tool for Linux servers. We are planning to use domain specific language for building rules and view data inside application. We are trying to look at tools like ...
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1answer
35 views

What are the text used to search specific fields in Windows Search and Outlook called?

When you search for files in the Windows explorer Search bar or in Outlook there are fields you can specifiy like content: for text found in the file or type: for the file extention of the files you ...
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1answer
58 views

Name for a single partition of URL path

Suppose we have this URL: https://superuser.com/questions/ask This is its path: /questions/ask What is the name for a partition of a path, i.e. /questions?
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2answers
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Where did the term “superuser” originate?

Where did the term "superuser" originate? Is it a shortening of "supervisory user", or is it just an indicator of the level of power one such user holds in a system?
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1answer
4k views

What does IOT mean in regards to SIGIOT?

I've been looking around and I found that it was related to an abort call, Something to do with an IOT trap, but any resource I find seems to assume you already know what that is. Probably isn't ...
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13answers
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What exactly is microcode and how does it differ from firmware?

Insofar as terminology, what exactly is "microcode" and if it can be updated, how does it differ from firmware? This question is not a duplicate of this question (as far as I can tell) which I've ...
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1answer
349 views

“Baudrate” or “Baud Rate” [closed]

In the context of technical writing (e.g: documentation), would it be more correct to use "baudrate" or "baud rate"? I believe that both are acceptable informally. However: I've often seen "...
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1answer
5k views

What is “telemetry” data?

I see occasional references to computers storing "telemetry" data. For example, Computer World just published an article about HP putting software on its computers called "HP Touchpoint Analytics ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between host name and sub-domain name?

We know that Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) consists of hostname.domain.TLD. Is that hostname also called the subdomain name?  What's the hostname and what's the subdomain name?
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Can email always be sent from alias addresses?

My web hosting provider advertises "unlimited numbers of aliases" for email, but actually the "alias" addresses can only receive mail - not send. In technical terms, does email alias require sending ...
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1answer
202 views

How do I describe this software tool?

Imagine you have 100 files stored across your computer, and you need to add a certain piece of text in 20 of them. A software tool helps you do this by providing filter criteria, which helps you ...
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1answer
71 views

How do you verbally distinguish between a single directory in a path and the full path?

This is a terminology question. Say you have a path like C:\foo\bar\MyFolder\ foo, bar, and MyFolder are all individual directories, also known as folders, right? And they're arranged in a ...
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2answers
316 views

What does GT stand for as in GT1, GTX graphics core nomenclatures?

Does GT stand for anything? If not, does anyone know the historical context/origination of this? Some say, it stands for GigaTransfers. But I don't think GT1 means 1 Giga Transfers and surely GTX ...
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3answers
1k views

What do letters PC-xxxx in the RAM memory naming stand for?

I have searched online and I did not find a single answer about this question. I know that the numbers after PC reprsent the bandwidth of the RAM memory module, but my question is what do the letters ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it technically correct to call hard disk drives or an SSD, also RAM memory types (Random Access Memory) [closed]

In computer jargon, is it correct to call drives of various types (e.g. hard disk, SSD, DVD) a type of random access memory (RAM)? From what I understand RAM is a device that holds information that ...
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1answer
41 views

Correct terminology for WiFi broadcasting and receiving devices?

I am using a mobile device's hotspot to broadcast a Wifi signal, and a computer that connects to the hotspot. What are the correct terms for these two devices?
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1answer
84 views

What is the difference between adding an exclusion by a file or application?

In Malwarebytes there are several options for adding an exclusion. One is "Exclude a file or folder" another "Exclude an application that connects to the internet". What is the difference? An ...
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5answers
8k views

What is the name of the 8 white squares surrounding resizable views?

I came across this annoying moment while writing a how-to article and realized I didn't know the name of those white squares that surround views. Here some images for clarification. Windows ...
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1answer
1k views

Is DNS a directory service or directory lookup service?

I really confuse these two terms, I've seen that DNS is NOT a directory service But while I was reading about it in some textbook it mentioned that DNS is a "Directory lookup service" Can anyone ...
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1answer
47 views

Why is the word 'driver' used in IT to describe software that helps hardware interface with the operating system?

What is the logic behind choosing the word driver to describe this kind of software and when did drivers start to be called this way ?
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2answers
2k views

Is there a special name for keyboards that only have a few keys?

Background I am building a custom embedded computer system and need only a few keys to be accessible by the users. I could attach a button board and program that in but was thinking it would be ...
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5answers
3k views

In the context of this quote, how many 'chips/sockets' do personal computers contain?

My textbook says the following: Not only have microprocessors become the fastest general purpose processors available, they are now multiprocessors; each chip (called a socket) contains ...
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1answer
84 views

What's the symbol of both 1 and 0?

Computers process everything using "true" (1) and "false" (0). But quantum computers use "true", "false", and "both true and false" What's the symbol used to describe both? (e.g. true: 1)
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1answer
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What is the correct term for crunching long words in software? [closed]

When drawing graphs in one of my software packages (KNIME), long text is "crunched" to fit into limited on-screen space, for example: BROWN RAT becomes BRO... SWALLOW becomes SWA... and so on. I've ...
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2answers
74 views

Terminology - The word command

I have some confusion about the word "command". Does the term command refer to: What the user types in a shell? Ex: 'The "man ls" command will display help about the ls command.' The program that ...
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869 views

Are these “slide-in” interchangeable plug adapters standardized/generic?

I'm sure I have or had at least one other device with this handy feature, but here's a photo of my Lenovo netbook's wall-wart power supply with the Australian slide-in adapter plug detached. This is ...
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1answer
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What does the N stand for in the keyboard shortcut for Chrome's Incognito mode?

The shortcut for Chrome's Incognito mode is Control + Shift + N. Why an "N"? I know in Firefox, it's Control + Shift + P and the P stands for "Private" (browsing).
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1answer
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What's the difference between SMTP server and SMTP Relay?

What's the difference between SMTP server and SMTP Relay?If I want to send mail from a forum (XenForo) using Google SMTP (Paid Google Apps account), do I need to use Google SMTP server or Google SMTP ...
317
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5answers
210k views

What does the “Fi” in “Wi-Fi” mean?

I just got into a heated discussion about Wi-Fi. What does the Fi in Wi-Fi mean? I would have thought potentially "frequency interface" since all network adapters are classified as interfaces. However ...
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1answer
37 views

Technical term for Cisco's VSS

What's the technical term for Virtual Switching System (VSS) by Cisco Systems? In this Q&A, Cisco calls it a network system virtualization technology. Since I couldn't find another vendor using ...
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1answer
740 views

Are “PAN” (Personal Area Network) and “ad-hoc network” two terms for the same thing?

When searching the Internet for help solving various issues involving networking my devices via Bluetooth and/or Wi-Fi it seems that the terms "ad-hoc network" and "personal area network" (PAN) are ...