I have the same issue and it started after I updated to the Windows 2004 version. Before I ran into this thread I found an Russian page talking about updating or disabling MalWareBytes since it can be the problem as well. So since you use it it might (have to find out myself) save you a lot of headache.
Error code 0xc0000017 is normally attributed to bad memory sections marked by Windows built in Boot Configuration Data which block the use of Random Access Memory (RAM) as a temporary store for data.
You should be able to recover and continue your installation by booting to the pre-installation environment from bootable media and following the steps provided ...
Summary from question:
I tried the “dism.exe...” command ... “Windows Resource Protection
could not perform the requested operation.”
Windows is not running which means you cannot do a Repair Install.
So at this point, for a proper repair, back up all your data, favorites and email by starting in Safe Mode or Command to a USB Hard Drive connected to the ...
I think your windows partition is corrupted, because a lot of files cannot be recognized. Linux Plays well with NTFS partitions and can read and write them. So I advice you to perform a clean re-installation of windows. Create a new bootable disk image, backup all files and then re-install.
And as an answer to your another question, you can prevent live USBs ...
How do I uninstall Malwarebytes "completely" (make Win stop looking for it)?
It appears that Malwarebytes was not uninstalled completely. Luckily, Malwarebytes has a tool, to remove all Malwarebytes files previous configuration files from your system.
The Malwarebytes Support Tool troubleshoots, repairs, and resolves
issues with Malwarebytes for ...
This sounds like a hardware failure.
When you run CHKDSK, CrystalDiskInfo, or any other software, typically the best it can do is to report on data and metadata transmitted to it by the physical disk and its controller.
CHKDSK can fix data allocation or structural problems with the formatted data on your disk, but it can't fix physical device failure. (The ...