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100 votes

Why does my browser think that https://1.1.1.1 is secure?

The GoDaddy documentation is mistaken. It is not true that Certification Authorities (CAs) must revoke certificates for all IP addresses… just reserved IP addresses. Source: https://cabforum.org/...
Deltik's user avatar
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99 votes
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Why does my browser think that https://1.1.1.1 is secure?

English is ambiguous. You were parsing it like this: (intranet names) or (IP addresses) i.e. ban the use of numeric IP addresses entirely. The meaning that matches what you're seeing is: intranet (...
Peter Cordes's user avatar
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55 votes
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Can a website in itself be dangerous?

Web browser are programs that can have vulnerabilities just like any other software. This means that simply browsing a web site with a web browser that has a remote code execution vulnerability could ...
Robert's user avatar
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45 votes

Why does my browser think that https://1.1.1.1 is secure?

Looks like the Certificate Subject Alt Name includes the IP address: Not Critical DNS Name: *.cloudflare-dns.com IP Address: 1.1.1.1 IP Address: 1.0.0.1 DNS Name: cloudflare-dns.com IP Address: 2606:...
Michael Frank's user avatar
40 votes
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What is the difference between Invoke-WebRequest and Invoke-RestMethod?

You can find out by decompiling the Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.Utility assembly. Basically, Invoke-WebRequest does not deal with parsing the data all that much. With -UseBasicParsing, it does some ...
Daniel B's user avatar
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37 votes

Can you go to a website by typing the IP address into the address bar?

TL;DR It depends on the server's configuration. A quick positive example is one.one.one.one / 1.1.1.1. I'm assuming you're following the usual lecture on your Computer Networking course about how ...
iBug's user avatar
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32 votes
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Why do different sites report Vivaldi's user-agent as different strings?

Because the browser sends different User-Agent strings to these websites. There's no real detection going on – the website literally just gets the User-Agent field as a string from an HTTP request ...
grawity_u1686's user avatar
29 votes
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How long until an old website visitor sees new web design?

How long before a website visitor sees a new website design without force refresh? Assumption: There are no cache settings in the HTML page It depends on the browser cache settings. Note: The ...
DavidPostill's user avatar
  • 158k
25 votes

Can you go to a website by typing the IP address into the address bar?

The IP stack isn't really 'aware' or 'care' about the IP. All DNS does is tell you "this domain name is at this IP". In the 'simplest' sense there's no difference between either scenario - ...
Journeyman Geek's user avatar
  • 130k
23 votes

Can you go to a website by typing the IP address into the address bar?

Call me crazy but none of the current answers contains the word "header", which is the most important part for a web server like Apache, Nginx etc. to resolve the correct site. The host ...
Thomas's user avatar
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15 votes
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Is there a difference between a name server lookup and a domain name lookup?

Is there a difference between a name server lookup and a domain name lookup? A Name Server lookup retrieves the IP address associated with a Domain Name. A Domain Name lookup (also called whois) ...
DavidPostill's user avatar
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15 votes
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How web browser determines when to use IPv4 or IPv6 to connect to the destination?

First: How you resolve a hostname has nothing to do with what address you can resolve it to. DNS servers are perfectly capable of returning IPv6 AAAA records when asked via IPv4, and vice versa. As ...
grawity_u1686's user avatar
14 votes
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Link to Microsoft Outlook 365 Webmail email

So I have found the following ways after much trial and error this morning: Solution 1 - Create URL using the ID from email URL Firstly for this to work you need to turn off conversation mode in OWA,...
CraftyB's user avatar
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12 votes
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Firefox setting to allow Web Notifications to stay open longer (or indefinitely)

In Firefox, notifications are hardcoded to close after 20 seconds. To allow notifications to stay open indefinitely until the user closes them, toggle the dom.webnotifications.requireinteraction....
MC10's user avatar
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12 votes

Can a website in itself be dangerous?

If you take a look at this and previous generation of video game consoles (PlayStation 4 and 5, Xbox One and Series), the web browser is what is used to exploit bugs in the firmware to gain access to ...
gronostaj's user avatar
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10 votes

What is the difference between Invoke-WebRequest and Invoke-RestMethod?

systemcenterautomation.com did a blog post about this. The conclusion: Invoke-RestMethod is much better at dealing with XML and JSON results, while Invoke-WebRequest is better at dealing with ...
Ohad Schneider's user avatar
8 votes

Command-line CSS selector tool

https://github.com/ericchiang/pup (https://github.com/htmlparser/htmlparser) has a CSS-based query language that conforms closely to your example. In fact, with your input, the following command: pup &...
peak's user avatar
  • 181
8 votes

Link to Microsoft Outlook 365 Webmail email

You can get an email URL by: Right-click the email and/or thread and "Create Task" Switch to To-Do / Tasks (bottom left of OWA interface menu, checkmark icon) Click on the task Right side ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 81
8 votes

Can a website in itself be dangerous?

Websites could be dangerous if browsers have vulnerabilities. But even if there aren't any vulnerabilities in your browser, they could be dangerous depending on your definition. They could exploit ...
user23013's user avatar
  • 245
7 votes

Is it possible to download using the Windows command line?

You can use (in a standard Windows bat): powershell -command "& { iwr http://www.it1.net/it1_logo2.jpg -OutFile logo.jpg }" It seems to require PowerShell v4... (Thanks to that comment and this ...
Anthony O.'s user avatar
7 votes

Add 'Save as webp' To windows 10, Right Click Context Menu

This can be done by downloading the official cwebp command line encoder from Google, and then adding its bin folder to your PATH (environment variable). Then, create a batch file that takes a file and ...
iskyfire's user avatar
  • 769
7 votes

Have I finally gone insane, or does the "sign up" page of BitMitigate redirect to 127.0.0.1?

does the “sign up” page of BitMitigate redirect to 127.0.0.1? Yes. curl 'https://bitmitigate.com/user-panel/sign-up.html' returns: <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN"> &...
Kamil Maciorowski's user avatar
6 votes

How to get a perfect local copy of a web page?

You need to download the entire website with Httrack (you need to set it so it doesn't download external JavaScripts)... just run it, then see the directories which downloaded, run Httrack again and ...
Vaclav's user avatar
  • 61
5 votes

tail -f equivalent for an URL

I answered the same question over here with a complete shell script that takes the URL as it's argument and tail -f's it. Here's a copy of that answer verbatim: This will do it: #!/bin/bash file=$(...
Brian's user avatar
  • 51
5 votes

tail -f equivalent for an URL

curl with range option in combination with watch can be used to achieve this: RANGES HTTP 1.1 introduced byte-ranges. Using this, a client can request to get only one or more subparts of a ...
ghm1014's user avatar
  • 291
5 votes

Chrome: Selecting a link by doing search on its text

I have used vimium. By installing its extension in chrome, you will be able to click any links on the page with shortcut f For more information, you can refer to https://vimium.github.io/
Yu Huang's user avatar
  • 161
5 votes

How can an online store recognize me - MAC addres? Something else?

Browser and device fingerprinting let web sites identify if different requests are coming from the same browser or device. Web sites can gather a lot of data from your device, for example: Browser (...
jcbermu's user avatar
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5 votes
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How to block every image on a website?

tl;dr Just add one (or both) of these rules to your adblocker's filters: example.com##img to block every <img> element example.com$image to block every image served from example.com Check the ...
totymedli's user avatar
  • 5,224

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